Proving Paul Teaches Gentiles to Observe The Law Of Moses. (Acts 21:24, 21:28, 26:19-21)

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Proving Paul Teaches Gentiles to Observe The Law Of Moses.
(Acts 21:24, 21:28, 26:19-21)

Introduction

This explanation of Holy Scripture will show you that the apostle Paul instructs both Jewish and Gentile believers in Messiah (Christ), to observe the Law of Moses (Torah).

This will be achieved by showing you that the apostle Paul brought believers who were originally born as Greeks into the temple of G-d to do a commandment (ritual) known as the Nazirite vow, a cleansing statute from the Law of Moses.

Only Jews are allowed in the temple, the penalty for a Gentile if they were in the temple was death (Acts 22:22). 

This is why when the dear unbelieving Jews saw Paul in the temple with some believing Greeks, they had him beaten, put him on trial, made many accusations and sought to have him killed for this;

‘…“Away with such a fellow from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live.”’
(Acts 22:22 ESV)

For reference, if the dear unbelieving Jews knew that if a Jew or a Gentile (e.g. a Greek) believes in Christ, that they are then deemed Israelites (Gal 6:15-16, Eph 2:13, 2:19-20); there would have been no issue or reason for violence in their minds.

Key Passage, Put Simply

This passage shows us that Christ (Messiah) instructed Paul to share the Gospel to the Jews and Gentiles, and that this also includes learning and upholding the Law of Moses (Torah);

‘…I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but declared … to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds in keeping with their repentance. 21 For this reason the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill me.

(Acts 26:19-21 ESV)

Why does this verse mean believing Gentiles are also expected to observe the Torah, and how so? 

Above, Acts 26:20-21 states that the Jews were trying to kill Paul because he was sharing the gospel with the Gentiles and telling them how they should repent and be ‘performing deeds’ in keeping with their repentance.

Previously in Acts 21:24 we see that the apostle Paul was encouraging the Gentiles to observe the actual commandments and statutes of the Law of Moses – in this case a ritual cleansing as per Torah Law, in the temple. This having the Gentiles observe the law of Moses (on this occasion in the temple), is the reason why Paul was seized (ref. Acts 26:19-21);

Take these men, join in their purification rites and pay their expensesThen everyone will know… that you yourself are living in obedience to the law.
(Acts 21:24 NIV)

It is confirmed that these very ‘men’ that the apostle Paul went into the temple with were Gentiles in Acts 21:28, where just after he was found in the temple, he was seized – it says;

‘…he even brought Greeks into the temple and has defiled this holy place.”’

(Acts 21:28 ESV)

NOTE:
These Greek believers were likely a little more advanced in the faith, as opposed to other new Gentile believers who [in context] had just believed and were beginning to learn some initial statutes. This we will perhaps see a little later, as we read on – however with regard to the new believing Gentiles, here are those four initial things to abstain from again;

‘…those from the Gentiles who are turning to God,
(Acts 15:19 NASB)


‘…as for the Gentiles who have believed, we have sent a letter with our judgment that they should abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality.”
(Acts 21:25 ESV)

Conclusion

A person can note that Holy Scripture confirms the elders also say that the apostle Paul lives in ‘…observance of the law.’ (Acts 21:25 ESV).

And what about Gentile believers?
Without malice, by citing (above) an actual account of how the apostle Paul encourages Gentile believers in Christ to uphold the Law of Moses – even in the temple -, it should assist a person in seeing that the context of the Gospel is not just simply; believing, repenting, and being baptised – but also learning and upholding the Law of Moses (Torah) with this faith.

The Law of Moses includes the famous Ten Commandments and the rest of His good ways (ref. Rom 7:12).

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob bless you beyond maximum in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen.

Copyright disclaimers:

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. http://www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Matthew 5:17-18 Explained; ‘…not to abolish but to fulfill…’ and ‘…not a dot will pass from the Law until all is accomplished…’

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Matthew 5:17-18 Explained;

‘…the Law…I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them….’ (v.17 ESV)
&
‘…not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished….’ (v.18 ESV)

Brief Summary

Here we will see that in no place does the well read passage of Matthew 5:17-18 abolish or cancel Torah Law (the law of Moses).

Instead, we will learn that some things that this passage speaks of in context, include;

• Messiah (Christ) did not come to earth to abolish or cancel the Law of Moses – rather, he came to do and satisfy the commandments, and fulfil prophetic verses, without sinning once.

• Everlasting life without end now is obtainable by man, from God, by grace through faith, when a person believes in His risen Son (Ephesians 2:8). Everyone who believes [in Christ] will have their agreement with death that they were born with, cancelled. (Isaiah 28:16-22).

• Levitical sons of Aaron remain priests (Isaiah 66:21).

• An established and recognised priesthood in the order of Mechizadek (Genesis 14:8) is recognised, with Messiah (Christ) being confirmed as high priest in this order (Psalm 45:7, Hebrews 4:15).

The verses with the explanation read as follows;

Matthew 5:17 – With Explanation In Brackets.

“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
Matthew 5:17‭ ESV

[This means, that Christ had not come to cancel the Law of Moses.
Instead, he came to fulfill (satisfy) the righteous requirement of the Torah (Law of Moses), which means that he literally did ‘…all…’ commandments (ref. Lev 26, Deut 28) – all commandments, ‘always’ [all the day] (Deut 5:29 NIV). By grace, such complete righteousness is accounted to a believer by grace through faith (Isaiah 53:11-12, Rom 8:4).

Now in Matthew 5:17 it also says that Christ came to satisfy the Prophets (writings) as well as the Law.
An example of a key Prophetic verse which Christ satisfies, is the vital statute found in Isaiah 28:16-22, which states;

‘…whoever believes will not make haste.’ (i.e. ‘will not perish’), and then the covenant to death which we are all born here with, will be cancelled (Isaiah 28:18) as a result.

We know this Prophetic passage is speaking of believing in Messiah (Christ), as it refers to him as a ‘precious cornerstone’ – to which Ephesians 2:20 agrees here and confirms it for us;

‘…Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone.’
(Ephesians 2:20 NIV)

Isaiah 28:17 goes on to say that ‘…righteousness…’ is made ‘…the plumb line’…. And  this means that if a person is completely sin-free and thus completely righteousness, that such will result in everlasting life without end for a person. Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV however states that such is impossible for fallen men to accomplosh, no matter how just they are – as we all sadly sin here;

For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV

And this is why Galatians says;

Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.” (Galatians 3:11 NASB)

Later in Isaiah 53:9 it confirms that Messiah (Christ), who was never born of fallen man’s seed, is literally sin free – when it says ‘…he had done no violence…’ (Isaiah 53:9 KJV. See also 2 Cor 5:21),

and in Isaiah 53:11 ESV it then states that Messiah (Christ) makes ‘…many to be accounted righteous…’ (by grace and supplication. ref. Zech 12:10, Acts 15:11).

Isaiah 53:12 ESV then says he does this by making;

‘…intercession for the transgressors…’ (praying for those who believe).

So it is established that no fallen man here is sin free, and with this the statute in Isaiah 28:16 which says everlasting life is by believing is the only achievable way to obtaining this.

With this, why would Christ be making intercession (prayer) to God for people who believe etc.?

The answer, because Christ did all of God’s Law in a body of flesh without sinning, he was inturn confirmed as high priest by God, as Christ loves ‘…righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore…your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you…’ (Psalm 45:7 NIV).

It is this that Psalm 110:4 tells us has happened – when it says he is a;

‘…priest forever, in the order of Melchizadek…’ (Psalm 110:4 ESV),

And this declaration was perhaps made straight after he was raised from the dead by God – as it says; ‘…sit at My right hand…’ (Psalm 110:1)].

Matthew 5:18 – with explanation in brackets.

For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
Matthew 5:18 ESV

[Here, when it is saying ‘…not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.’, in no place is it stating that the Law of Moses would be cancelled or abolished. Not at all.

In fact, we have already mentioned two items which were mentioned in the Old Testament (Tanakh), though at the time then and even now, these might not have been overly known by all, and so some might mistakenly see the verse as abolishing Torah Law, which it is not.

Two things which Matthew 5:18 is speaking of, that were enacted as per Holy Scripture were,

1) Everlasting life is now available by believing in Messiah (Christ) the ‘precious cornerstone’ (Isaiah 28:16-22, Ephesians 2:20).


‘Everlasting life’ literally means, life without end upon being resurrected, and not a potential ‘long’ life after this life in the new heavens and new earth.

Without believing in Messiah (Christ), all commandments are not fulfilled by a person. The law of Moses states that if all commandments are not fulfilled (perfectly), that this results in certain curses (i.e. death; wasting disease [ref. Deut 28:22 NIV]), and not ‘all’ blessings (i.e. life; ref. Deu 28:13 ESV).

And chapters like Deuteronomy 28 and Leviticus 26 are summed up to an extent in this verse and other like it;

For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.
James 2:10 NIV

Believing in Messiah (Christ) is the vital key to being given everlasting life without end from G-d, and verses such as Isaiah 28:16-22 confirm this.

The other matter we spoke on that has been enacted since all has been ‘accomplished’ (i.e. at the death and resurrection of Christ) is that,

2) There is a high priest who is not a Levitical son of Aaron.
Psalm 110:4 states that God declared Christ as high (Heb 4:15) priest in the order of Melchizadek (ref. Psalm 110:4).

Such a priestly position is lawful and accepted by the Holy God who is Most High, as per Genesis 14:8. Genesis tells of when Melchizadek was priest to the Most High God, during faithful Abraham’s time on the earth.

With this a quick note; the sons of Aaron still serve as priests in the new heavens and earth, as per Isaiah 66:21 ESV ‘…priests and… levites…’. Messiah (Christ) however is the high priest, as per Psalm 45:7 ESV ‘…above thy fellows…’, and Hebrews 4:15 ESV ‘…a high priest…’ – thus;

‘…“God has put all things in subjection under his feet.”…’ (1 Corinthians 15:27 ESV).

These Two Statutes are Found In The Law of Moses

The two above items/statutes, are actually found in Torah Law, in the book of Deuteronomy – where a commandment reads as follows;

I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. And I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not listen to my words that he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.
Deuteronomy 18:18-19 ESV

Transparently, the above commandment speaks of all of God’s prophets, however, we arrive at the two statutes (everlasting life by believing in Christ, and Christ being high priest) – as being included in this commandment found in Deuteronomy, by following the Holy Scriptures which come after Deuteronomy;

Isaiah is God’s holy prophet. ->
Isaiah says that all who believe in this ‘precious cornerstone’ will not make haste (they will live forever without end upon resurrection) (Isaiah 28:16-22). ->
Isaiah confirms that the precious cornerstone is Christ whom is spoken of in chapter 53, by speaking of him earlier in chapter 49:3, and 49:5 (‘Jacob’ is mentioned twice there; the first instance (Messiah) in 49:3, brings back the second instance found in 49:5 (the fallen nation [Jacob and Israel] to God). Ephesians 2:20 confirms it also, that Christ is referred to as the ‘precious cornerstone’ here. ->

Messiah (Christ) also being known as a prophet then goes on to say;

‘…Believe in God; believe also in me.’
(John 14:1 ESV)

As,

‘…whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life….’
(John 3:16 KJV);

‘…He who believes in it will not be disturbed. Your covenant with death will be canceled, And your pact with Sheol will not stand; … And now do not carry on as scoffers, Or your fetters will be made stronger; For I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts Of decisive destruction on all the earth.’
(Isaiah 28:16‭, ‬28:18‭, ‬28:22 NASB1995)

Summary,

Here we have seen that in no place does the well read passage of Matthew 5:17-18 abolish or cancel Torah Law.

Briefly we have seen that it speaks of;

• Messiah (Christ) did not come to earth to abolish or cancel the Law of Moses – rather, he came to do and satisfy the commandments, and fulfil prophetic verses, without sinning once.

• Everlasting life without end now is obtainable by man, from God, by grace through faith, when a person believes in His risen Son (Ephesians 2:8). Everyone who believes [in Christ] will have their agreement with death that they were born with, cancelled. (Isaiah 28:16-22).

• Levitical sons of Aaron remain priests (Isaiah 66:21).

• An established and recognised priesthood in the order of Mechizadek (Genesis 14:8) is recognised, with Messiah (Christ) being confirmed as high priest in this order (Psalm 45:7, Hebrews 4:15).

May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum,  believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus (Yehoshua) Christ (the Messiah). Amen.

Copyright disclaimers:

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. http://www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Revelation 20:12-13 – Translated and Briefly Explained; ‘Unbelievers Judged By The Law Of Moses.’

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Revelation 20:12-13 – Translated and Briefly Explained; 

‘Unbelievers Are Judged By The Law Of Moses.’

Brief Summary

The purpose of this explanation is to show that all people who sadly do not believe in Christ, are judged by their good and bad deeds which are weighed against what is written in God’s holy Law, the Law of Moses (Torah) – which also includes the famous Ten Commandments. This is shown by translating some words in Revelation 20:12-13, and briefly explaining with some supporting verses.

Another purpose of this explanation, is to promote that a person seek maximum blessings from God; everlasting life, complete forgiveness of sins and a new heart. This is achieved by being found believing in God and Christ (Messiah), and observance of the Law of Moses (Isaiah 50:10, John 14:1, Romans 3:28, 3:31).

We know that the commandments God has given and are found in the Torah (the law of Moses), and are the very definition of what is good and bad for humans to observe and/or abstain from etc.

We also see that the Gentiles (people of the nations) who practiced sinful deeds in former times, where removed from the land for going against His ways – meaning they were essentially judged by G-d’s commandments and statutes;

“Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants. But you shall keep my statutes and my rules and do none of these abominations, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you (for the people of the land, who were before you, did all of these abominations, so that the land became unclean), lest the land vomit you out when you make it unclean, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
Leviticus 18:24‭-‬28 ESV

Hence, the relevance of this translation and explanation of Revelation 20:12-13.

Introduction

When people die, those who do not believe in Messiah (Christ) – are judged, by what they have done in their lives;

For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. (Romans 2:12 ESV)

This also includes the dear, scribes and Pharisees (may Hashem bless them);

You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? (Matthew 23:33 ESV)

An unbeliever’s good and bad deeds are all weighed and compared to God’s Law (the law of Moses) which includes the well known 10 commandments, and the rest of his statues and rules found in the Bible – and it is this that is written in Revelation 20:12-13.

This shows that all people are judged by the law of Moses after they die;

Revelation 20:12-13 Translated and Explained;

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books [the Law of Moses] were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written [G1125 usage; ‘it stands written (in the scriptures)…’, Exhaustive definition; ‘…describe…’; thus the rendering of; ‘described’] in the books, according [G2596; ‘against’] to their works [their good and bad deeds]. (Revelation 20:12 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])

And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according [G2596; ‘against’] to their works. (Revelation 20:13 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])

What Does This Judgement Mean For Those Who Sadly Do Not Believe In Christ?

Unbelievers are judged after they die here. (Isaiah 28:22, John 3:16).

 As these dear people are judged by their good and bad deeds, and sadly not granted saving grace from G-d as a result of them believing in Christ; everlasting life cannot be gained, as, here on this earth – we all sin, and ‘…the wages of sin is death…’ (Romans 6:23 KJV). 

Unbelievers (even the devout who do not believe in Christ), thus eventually ‘perish’ as a result of judgement (Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV, Romans 2:12, James 2:10-11).

 If an unbeliever’s deeds merit it (e.g. a devout, relatively righteous person), they might live a potentially long life in the new heavens and new earth (above) of up to perhaps 950 years (ref. Ibn Ezra on Isaiah 65:20, Isaiah 65:20).

If an unbeliever’s deeds do not merit it, perhaps Holy Scripture says they are sent directly after judgement to the lake that burns with fire, where death and hades (hell) are (Revelation 20:14-15).

Hell (punishment) and correction exist for what appears to be all unbelievers in the lake that burns with fire, for at least a predetermined amount of time. This is known as the second death (Revelation 20:15, 21:8).

There is more to the topic of the judgement of those who do not believe in Christ after they die – for now though; may this brief explanation and rendering of Revelation 20:12-13 will be fruitful with you.

For all those who believe in Christ it says that there is no condemnation;

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. (Romans 8:1 KJV)

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach).  Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Psalm 45:6-7 Translated More Accurately – ‘g’ and ‘G’ (There is No trinity)

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

The following translation assists a person in reading the verse in it’s proper context. Many English translations render all instances of the word ‘god’ here with a capital letter ‘G’.

Whilst the efforts of various translation organisations are invaluable, here, such a generic rendering can tend to lead to confusion in the English language when read; if a capital letter ‘G’ is used when Christ is spoken of – this can promote incorrect belief systems such as the ‘trinity’.

May this rendering of the verse be fruitful;

6 Thy throne, O god [Christ], is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore god [Christ], thy God [the Father], hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalm 45:6-7 KJV
with amendments and explanation in brackets in blue

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 6:15 – Circumcision was never abolished.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Another commonly misinterpreted passage of Holy Scripture is Galatians 6:15-16 – it says;

15 For neither is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.
16 And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.
Galatians 6:15-16 NASB

This passage in no way abolishes circumcision or the rest of the law of Moses. Rather, in its correct context the text is highlighting how a ‘new creation’ (a new creature) is essential, and of the highest importance for eternal life.

Amongst other items, this ‘new creature’, includes the receiving of a new heart of flesh and G-d’s Holy Spirit in a person guiding them;

26 And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
27 And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.

Ezekiel 36:26-27 ESV

This newness described above, are free gifts which are included in what is known as the;

‘…new covenant…’
(Jeremiah 31:31, Hebrews 8:8).

Also included in the ‘new covenant’ is the complete forgiveness of a person’s sins;

‘…I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more….’
(Jeremiah 31:34 ESV).

 A person receives this by believing in Christ, by believing that the holy God raised His Son the Lord Jesus (Yehoshua) Christ from the dead – as this sinless man is the one given to enact the new covenant – to enact it;

‘…I will give you as a covenant for the people…’
(Isaiah 42:6 ESV)

‘…I will keep you and give you as a covenant to the people…’
(Isaiah 49:8 ESV)

Hence,

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:16 KJV

Thus, this everlasting newness is found believing in Christ (Messiah);

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
2 Corinthians 5:17 KJV

‘…Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.’
(John 3:3, 3:6 KJV)

Brief Summary

Civilly in closing, Galatians 6:15-16 does not in any place state that circumcision has been abolished – rather it is emphasising the importance of a person being made new (2 Cor 5:17).

This newness includes a new heart and God’s Holy Spirit leading a person in His ways (Ezekiel 36:26-28, Acts 15:8-9), and is received by believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Isaiah 42:6, 49:8, 28:16, Ephesians 2:20, John 3:14-16). 

This blessing of newness which is being emphasised here is known as the ‘New Covenant’ (Jeremiah 31:31-33, Hebrews 8:7-13), and with this blessing, believers are to ‘…uphold the law.’ (Romans 3:31).

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 4:9-11 – You Observe Days, Months, Seasons and Years! (The Law was Never Abolished)

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? You observe days and months and seasons and years! I am afraid I may have labored over you in vain. 
Galatians 4:9-11 ESV 

In no place here does it say that observing the sabbath, feast days and the like – are commandments that no longer need to be observed – no, not at all. 

Galatians 4:21 for Context

Rather, the correct context of this passage can be found when we read a little further, where in verse 21 it says;

Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 
Galatians 4:21 ESV 

Verse 21 has confirmed the context for Galatians 4:9-11 for us.

When is says,

‘…whose slaves do you want to be once more…you observe…’ in verses 9-11 (ESV), this is speaking of believers seeking to be,

‘…under the law…’ (v 21). 

If one is ‘under the law’, this means that a person is relying on their deeds, instead of their faith in the risen Messiah (Christ) to be completely justified and saved with everlasting life – an impossible task as;

Clearly no one who relies on the law is justified before God, because “the righteous will live by faith.”
Galatians 3:11 NIV

and,

‘…whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.
(James 2:10 NIV)

Therefore being ‘under the law’ means that a person must meet it’s righteous requirement to be saved by works, and the requirement of the law is to;

‘…keep all My commandments always
(Deuteronomy 5:29 NASB)

However, though the law says we are not to falter in one single commandment, fallen man cannot achieve such perfection by their own efforts;

‘…a yoke that neither we nor our fathers have been able to bear…’
(Acts 15:10 NASB, also see Ecclesiastes 7:20)

Thus, instead of the people in Galatians 4:9-11 seeking to neglect faith in Christ by trying to base their salvation on works instead, they were being encouraged to instead value the justification by faith in Christ that a believer receives, and with this faith – diligently uphold the law;

28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law….
31
Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
(Romans 3:28, 3:31 ESV)

Hence the example of faithful Abraham who was declared righteous by faith, and upheld good works as a type of ‘seal’;

‘He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised….’
(Romans 4:11 ESV)

Conclusion

In brief summary, in no place does Galatians 4:9-11 abolish observing the sabbath, feasts, or any of the other good commandments in Torah Law.

Rather, verse 21 shows us that the people in verses 9-11 might have been seeking to be impossibly justified and saved by their deeds alone and not by their faith, thus they were trying to be ‘…under the law…’ (v.21 ESV).

When read in the fuller scope of Holy Scripture we see that with this faith, a ‘born again’ believer is not ‘under’ the law for justification;

But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.
Galatians 5:18 NIV

And believing in Christ (Messiah), one continues to;

‘… uphold the Torah.’
(Kehillah in Rome 3:31 OJB)

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Isaiah 9:6 – Better Explained (There is No trinity)

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Isaiah 9:6 is quite often translated into the English language in a manner that breaks the overall context of Holy Scripture – in a way so that the verse reads as if it incorrectly supports the man made doctrine known as the ‘trinity’.

It reads as follows;

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9:6 KJV

May the following video explanation on the sense of this verse be fruitful for this particular matter, and may the producers of it be blessed. The video runs for circa 10 minutes and demonstrates that Isaiah 9:6 in no way supports the ‘trinity’;

An additional written translation of Isaiah 9:6 which agrees with the above linguistic and contextual explanation – in a monotheistic sense, is the Sefaria translation found here; https://www.sefaria.org/Isaiah.9.5?lang=en&with=all&lang2=en

May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

1 Corinthians 7:1 – ‘Not to Touch the Opposite Gender…’ (Negiah)

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

The aim of this explanation of Holy Scripture is to share the more accurate translation of 1 Corinthians 7:1 and how it speaks of the instruction to ‘not touch the opposite gender, except for your spouse, or certain close relatives…’. Such a practice can be deduced from both the Old and New Testaments, and also in both ancient and current Judaism as well. 

For reference, the practice to not ‘touch’ is known as Negiah, and is defined for reference in the halakhah (the oral and written torah law combined).

Further, linguistic sightings for the same ancient Greek word rendered ‘touch’ from 1 Corinthians 7:1, will be shown in other verses found in the New Testament from a wide range of translations, to show consistency and that ‘touch’ is a legal translation – despite many other translations not following suite in this particular instance.

1 Corinthians 7:1 KJV and Other Translations

The verse reads as follows;

Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote unto me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman.
1 Corinthians 7:1 KJV [also see NASB]

 The NASB translation agrees with the KJV in this instance – however, many other translations will render the ancient Greek word ‘touch’ differently, usually along the lines of ‘sexual relations’;

‘…”It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.“‘ 
(1 Corinthians 7:1 NIV)

‘…“It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.”’
(1 Corinthians 7:1 ESV)

Contextual Justification For ‘…touch…’ in 1 Corinthians 7:1

‘Touching’ can lead to such immorality amongst unmarried people, and that is a support for the interpretation.

For reference, verse 2 then goes on to speak of the temptation of sexual immorality, and recommends that if a person burns with passion (v.9) – that believers should marry to avoid sinning;

But because of the temptation to sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband.
1 Corinthians 7:2 ESV

Verse 3 then goes on to state that physical marital intimacy is not forbidden, and that it is a consensual and considerate thing for each spouse to do, and therefore they should not deny each other of it;

The husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to her husband.
1 Corinthians 7:3 ESV

With this, the other translations which render verse 1 as ‘sexual relations’ instead of ‘touch’ (KJV/NASB) might appear to a reader as missing the sense and intention of this particular verse.

For sake of transparency, the chapter of 1 Corinthians 7 does indeed come with an exhortation to believers who marry their betrothed [a maiden/virgin (G3933)], and also a stronger one to the single believers who do not burn with desire and thus remain single;

So then he who marries his betrothed does well, and he who refrains from marriage will do even better.
1 Corinthians 7:38 ESV

Linguistic Support

In 1 Corinthians 7:1 KJV, if we review the interlinear text – we see that the word rendered ‘touch’ in the KJV and NASB translations, is the Strong’s Concordance Greek word number 680;

Strong’s G680, is also present in other chapters such as 2 Corinthians 6:17, where the word is also rendered as ‘touch’ – though, in a great number of other translations (e.g. ESV, NIV, OJB, etc.), as well as the KJV and NASB;

Further, in Luke 6:19 the very same Ancient Greek word (G680) is also present and rendered as ‘touch’ as well;

and the people all tried to touch him, because power was coming from him and healing them all.
Luke 6:19 NIV

With this linguistic support, we can see that in this instance the KJV and NASB translation of 1 Corinthians 7:1 with the word ‘touch’, are perhaps more accurate.

This is also what we find, when further contextual support with regard to social interaction and values is referenced from the Gospel, and the Torah and shared along with the linguistic support (above).

Contextual Support in the Gospel and Torah

Talking to the Opposite Gender – is ‘surprising’
John 4:27 perhaps provides us with a glimpse of ancient social moral expectations for conduct during the second Temple period, with regard to dealing with the opposite gender;

‘Just then his disciples returned and were surprised to find him talking with a woman…’
(John 4:27 NIV)

Here, we see that even talking with a women who is not a spouse or close relative in ancient times, was a surprising thing to some.

Smiling with the Opposite Gender – is an ‘indicator of marital status’
The torah further shows us that even the act of laughing with a women in public; ‘was seen as a sign that a man is intimate with that women, and thus assumed to be married to her’ – it says;

‘…Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out of a window and saw Isaac laughing with Rebekah his wife.9 So Abimelech called Isaac and said, “Behold, she is your wife.…’
(Genesis 26:8-9 ESV)

Further Resources for Consideration

Some other further resources and information on the explanation of Negiah to review, include;

R.Machon Shilo with a video talk on this matter;

https://youtu.be/xZHMuTOhxe8?t=79

Chabad articles;

Two verses civilly submitted with these resources for consideration are;

‘“The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat, so do and observe whatever they tell you…’
(Matthew 23:2-3 ESV)
&
‘…“Watch and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”’
(Matthew 16:6 ESV)

May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

1 Corinthians 7:17-24 – ‘About Relationships, and Not About Abolishing Circumcision.’

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

1 Corinthians 7:17-24 is a complex passage which uses ‘circumcision’ as a metaphor for matters pertaining to relationships.

The explanation for this section of Holy Scripture will be shared in a verse-by-verse style format to assist in providing correct context. 

Before continuing, a reader is highly encouraged to read the entire chapter of 1 Corinthians 7 on its own. From this they will note that the entire chapter is addressing men and women and the topic of singleness (unmarried), being ‘betrothed’ [‘maiden/virgin’ (G3933)], being widowed, and marriage itself.

Yes, a person will find that the entire chapter both above and below verses 17 to 24, is addressing relationships, and it is this which also assists in determining correct context for this passage.

Verse By Verse Explanation

Verse 17
17 But as God hath distributed to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches.
[meaning; whether single or married, at the time of one believing ‘in Christ’, when the L-RD G-d has called that person to believe, let him walk, let him remain as is – married or single – provided they do not have desire, otherwise a single person may get married (1 Cor 7:9).
 This is referencing passages such as 1 Corinthians 7:6-9, and 7:26-28 which are just above and below this passage] 

Verse 18
18 Is any man called being circumcised?
[meaning; at the time of believing ‘in Christ’, is this man/women ‘single‘?]
let him not become uncircumcised.
[meaning; if single at the time of believing, do not seek to be ‘married‘ – that is, if you do not burn with desire]
Is any called in uncircumcision?
[meaning; Is this person married at the time of believing]
let him not be circumcised.
[meaning; do not seek divorce if you’re married]

Verse 19
19 Circumcision [meaning; being ‘single’] is nothing,
and uncircumcision [being ‘married’] is nothing,
but the keeping of the commandments of God.
[meaning; whether single or married, be sure to keep G-d’s good commandments (see Revelation 22:14 KJV ), and faith ‘in’ God’s risen Son (Isaiah 28:16, John 3:15, 14:1, Revelation 14:12, Matthew 19:17, 19:21)]

Verse 20
20 Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called.
[meaning; stay the same as you were when called; single, or married.
For example, has this believer been given the ‘gift’ over their ‘passion’ (ref. 1 Corinthians 7:7-9 ESV)? If so, this is known as being made ‘eunuchs’ – spiritually speaking (Matthew 19:12, Isaiah 56:3-5)]


Verse 21
21 Art thou called being a servant?
[meaning; are you married to an unbeliever? (referencing 1 Corinthians 7:12, which is just above this passage)]
care not for it: [meaning do not seek divorce (referencing 1 Corinthians 7:12-14)]
but if thou mayest be made free, use it rather.
[meaning; you are not enslaved – you may separate (referencing 1 Corinthians 7:15, which is also just above this passage); however, you may not get a divorce on any other grounds other than sexual immorality (see Matthew 5:31-32) for clarification and correct interpretation of Torah Law, and the matter of divorce]

Verse 22
22 For he that is called in the Lord, [meaning; a believer ’in Christ’ who is thus referred to as ‘born again’ (see 2 Corinthians 5:17, John 3:3, 3:6, John 3:15)]
being a servant, [meaning; one who is entrusted with the ministry/sharing of the message of reconciliation (see 2 Corinthians 5:18-21)]
is the Lord’s freeman: [meaning; this person is a son of the L-RD G-d Almighty (Romans 8:14, Revelation 21:7), not under the law (Galatians 5:18), though is still obligated (as all are) to uphold the law (Romans 3:31 ESV)]
likewise also he that is called, [‘…called…’ ‘in Christ’ (in Messiah)]
being free, [meaning; being free from ‘slavery’ to sin, a highly spiritual concept (see Romans 8:2-4, Ezekiel 36:26-28)]
is Christ’s servant. [Such a believer serves the L-RD G-d Almighty (ref. Acts 24:14), and His righteous servant – His Son; the risen King Messiah (Christ). (Colossians 3:24)]

Verse 23
23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men. 
[‘do not seek marriage if you are single when called and have no burning desire to do so, O born again believer’ (ref. 1 Corinthians 7:8)]

Verse 24
24 Brethren, let every man, wherein he is called, therein abide with God. 
[meaning; If at the time of believing ‘in Christ’ you are single, remain single – or, if you are married remain married.
If betrothed [usually a maiden/virgin (G3933)], remain betrothed [a maiden/virgin (G3933)] (ref. 1 Corinthians 7:25-26).
Walk with God in that relationship status, walk humbly in that state and abide.]


– 1 Corinthians 7:17-24 KJV [with explanation in brackets, in blue].

This concludes the verse by verse explanation for the passage of 1 Corinthians 7:17-24.

It demonstrates how the words ‘circumcision’ and ‘uncircumcised’ are being used as a metaphor for being married and single.

Further Support For The Interpretation

Further support regarding this interpretation, can be found from the account in Exodus 19:10-15, where the men were to prepare for the third day – back when the famous Ten Commandments were given;

And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”
Exodus 10:15 ESV

The instruction given to the men, was to stay away from women during this time to be purified and found in a ritually clean state (i.e. being free of ‘seminal emissions’, and observing Niddah laws; not coming in contact with menstruation or women menstruating etc.).

Abstaining from contact with the opposite gender was thus required in an effort to be ritually clean when the Ten commandments were received.

With this, circumcision is regarded as a clean state to be in (it is a positive commandment after all), and the metaphor of ‘circumcision’ thus can be seen to draw context from both the instruction at the receiving of the Ten Commandments account, and the positive commandment of circumcision i.e.;

‘being away from women at Mount Sinai = ritually clean.
The commandment of circumcision is positive = clean.

Thus Circumcision (clean) is likened to singleness (ritually clean) – and as per the Brit Chadasha (New Testament), uncircumcision is therefore an unclean state and associated with sin (the opposite of circumcision);

‘When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your flesh,…’
(Colossians 2:13 NIV)

And so with regard to the metaphor in 1 Cor 7:17-24; Being ‘uncircumcised’ (unclean) is likened to marriage (i.e. at Mount Sinai, being near a woman would make one ritually unclean).

Some further points with regard to 1 Corinthians 7 follow;

To Marry Or Not To Marry? 

Before concluding this explanation of Holy Scripture, it must be clarified (to an extent) that marriage is not forbidden, even for those who are ‘betrothed’ [young ‘maiden[s]/virgin[s]’ (G3933)] at the time of believing;

25 Now concerning the betrothed, I have no command from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy….
28 But if you do marry, you have not sinned,…’
(1 Corinthians 7:25, 7:28 ESV)

[kindly also see 1 Cor 7:36-38 which comments on those betrothed]

In addition to single (unmarried), betrothed, and married people – the chapter gives mention to widows;

8 To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is good for them to remain single, as I am. 9 But if they cannot exercise self-control, they should marry.
1 Corinthians 7:8-9 ESV

An Exhortation

With this explanation, Holy Scripture does give a big exhortation to a believer who is single – whilst the ‘married’ believer will do well;

So then he who marries his betrothed does well, and he who refrains from marriage will do even better.
1 Corinthians 7:38 ESV

Spiritually, those who remain single have been given a ‘gift’ of ‘self-control’ over their ‘passion’ (ref. 1 Corinthians 7:8-9 ESV);

I wish that all were as I myself am. But each has his own gift from God…’
(1 Corinthians 7:7 ESV)

To which Isaiah says of single ‘eunuchs’;

For thus says the LORD:
“To the eunuchs who keep my Sabbaths,
    who choose the things that please me
    and hold fast my covenant,
5 I will give in my house and within my walls
    a monument and a name
    better than sons and daughters;
I will give them an everlasting name
    that shall not be cut off.
Isaiah 56:4-5 ESV

Hence the Gospel being in agreement, when it says;

For there are eunuchs who were born that way, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by others–and there are those who choose to live like eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. The one who can accept this should accept it.”
Matthew 19:12 NIV

May the Holy G-d bless you, beyond maximum believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Acts 15:1 – Circumcision was never abolished.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Acts 15:1-2 read as follows;

‘Some men came down from Judea and began teaching the brethren, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.”
2 … Paul and Barnabas had great dissension and debate with them…’
Acts 15:1-2 NASB 

Here, a person may now incorrectly conclude that ‘circumcision has been abolished’, When it says ‘Paul and Barnabas had… debate them’ – however, such a position is incorrect, and let us now civilly share why.

Acts 15:1 Is For Context; ‘saved’

‘Saved’ is the last word of verse 1, and it sets the context for what follows it.

Here, some of the believers who belonged to the party of the believing Pharisees, Pharisees who are believers (v.5), may have incorrectly thought at the time that a person is saved or declared righteous by their works upfront; They thought ‘saved because of their circumcision’.

This is the cause for the civil disagreement in verse 2. It should also be noted that in no place does the passage abolish circumcision.

Acts 15:5

In Acts 15:5 we see that some of the believing Pharisees may have been approaching the law of Moses in a somewhat unbalanced manner. Perhaps these zealous people were being too heavily of the opinion that works make one righteous, and neglecting the value of faith. 

It says;

‘…“It is necessary to circumcise them and to direct them to observe the Law of Moses.”’
(Acts 15:5 NASB)

The context here is ‘works to be saved’ (v.2), and such is an impossible approach, as to achieve such this the righteous requirement of the law must be , and that is to;

‘…keep all my commands always…’
(Deuteronomy 5:29 NIV).

This brings us to Acts 15:8.

Acts 15:8-9

In verse 8-9 we see that new believing Gentiles are actually divinely converted prior to being circumcised – before their works, by their faith in Christ (Messiah);

8 And God, who knows the heart, testified to them giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us; 9 and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith.
Acts 15:8-9 NASB

Later, in verses 10-11 we then see that the disciples clearly state that it is not necessary to circumcise new believers on the impossible approach that ‘such a work will save them’ – rather, they diligently uphold the law and were believing for saving grace from God as Christ prays (Isaiah 53:12, Zechariah 12:10) for them;

But we believe that we will be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they will.”
Acts 15:11 ESV

Brief Summary

From the explanation we can understand that Acts 15:1-2 does not abolish the commandment of circumcision. Rather the context is that ‘relying on our works to be saved, and not our believing in Christ – is an incorrect approach’. We can also gather all of this context from the last word of verse 1, which is ‘saved’.

This explanation also shares the context for the Apostle Paul and Barnabas civilly, and correctly not agreeing with some people whom may have sadly thought differently at the time.

Hence,

‘…the righteous will live by his faith.’
(Habakkuk 2:4 NASB)

May the Holy G-d bless you, beyond maximum believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Acts 16:1-3; ‘Timothy’s circumcision’ – explained.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Some people may currently and sadly hold the incorrect interpretation of this passage thinking that it may be saying ‘dear Timothy the disciple was circumcised either against his will or to please others…’;

Such an interpretation is incorrect, and let us understand why.

First let’s read the passage;

1 Paul came also to Derbe and to Lystra. A disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewish woman who was a believer, but his father was a Greek. 2 He was well spoken of by the brothers at Lystra and Iconium. 3 Paul wanted Timothy to accompany him, and he took him and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in those places, for they all knew that his father was a Greek.
Acts 16:1-3 ESV

Firstly dear reader, we must note that in no place has circumcision been abolished here in this passage –  no, not at all.

With this, and with the weight of the rest of all Holy Scripture [see the commandment of circumcision section] – this passage actually shows us that circumcision, and the rest of Torah law still applies today – as circumcision is upheld here before our very eyes. 

Acts 16:1

Here is what we can understand from Acts 16:1-3;

Timothy’s mother is confirmed to be both a Jewish woman and also a believer.

Timothy’s father was confirmed to be a Greek – however, nowhere in the passage does it say that Timothy’s father was a believer.

Timothy’s father was likely not a believer at that particular point in time – as it says ‘…but his father was a Greek…’ in verse 1 in order to make a distinction between Timothy’s believing mother and his then dear unbelieving Greek father;

‘…the son of a certain women, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek…’
(Acts 16:1 KJV)

The use of the word ‘…but…’ when describing Timothy’s father after it described Timothy’s mother as both a believer and a Jewess; denotes Timothy’s father as an unbelieving Gentile (a Greek), at that time.

Two Questions To Consider

Here are two questions which might assist us in summarising the context of Acts 16:1,

Question 1:
Why would it state that Timothy’s mother was both a believer, and also a Jew?

Answer:
To make a point; to confirm these two specific matters.

Question 2:
Why then does it use the word ‘but’ when it moves to address Timothy’s father’s ethnicity, though, the verse does not state that the father believed at that time as well?

Answer:
Because he was a Greek who was not a believer at that time, then and thus naturally would not have encouraged circumcision.

Verse 3

If we visit verse 3, it says; 

Paul wanted Timothy to accompany him, and he took him and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in those places, for they all knew that his father was a Greek. 
Acts 16:3 ESV 

In context it says that potential Jewish hearers of the Gospel knew that at that time Timothy’s father was an unbelieving Greek. Timothy wanted to practice what he preaches, and the opportunity to share the Gospel with the apostle Paul presented itself as a blessed occasion to uphold the commandment;

‘…he took him and circumcised him…’
(Acts 16:3 ESV)

And with regard to practising what we preach;

‘…first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.’
Matthew 7:5 ESV 

Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
Revelation 14:12 KJV

In Closing

Acts 16:1-3 in no place abolishes circumcision, and in no way says that the disciple Timothy was circumcised against his will, or to please others.

In context, the passage shows us that dear Timothy wanted to observe Torah Law, like the Apostle Paul (Romans 3:31, Acts 21:24, Acts 28:17) – and also practice what he preaches. 

With this we can see that Timothy was led in his heart to be an imitator of those of faith (1 Cor 11:1), and that the meeting with the faithful apostle Paul was opportune to uphold this commandment – Timothy went and got circumcised.

For the sake of disclosure, the approach is for people to never force a new believer to get a circumcision (Galatians 2:3).

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 5:11 – The apostle Paul preaches circumcision.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Holy Scripture provides proof that the apostle Paul observes and preaches the commandment of circumcision in Galatians 5:11;

And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased. 
Galatians 5:11 KJV 

Here, Scripture confirms that the apostle Paul preached circumcision with this faith whilst on earth.

With this, Scripture also confirms that though the apostle diligently upholds the law (Rom 3:31), by living in complete observance of it (Acts 21:24, Acts 28:17), he still suffered persecution though and this persecution was because of, and is known as ‘…the offence of the cross…’ (Galatians 5:11 KJV).

So, what is the ‘offence of the cross’?

The offence of the cross is summarised plainly in Romans 3:28.

The offence of the cross that the apostle was being persecuted for is this; ‘justification by faith apart from works of Torah law, and with this understanding and approach; one gets circumcised.’;

‘For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law….
Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
(Romans 3:28, 3:31 ESV)

A person can be justified by faith, and faith alone; by believing in the risen Christ (Messiah). One then upholds the commandments.

An Example of Righteousness by Faith

Being accounted righteous by faith, is something we can see in the example of faithful Abraham;

Abraham was accounted righteousness by faith, while he was uncircumcised in Genesis 15;

And he believed the LORD, and he counted it to him as righteousness.
Genesis 15:6 ESV

Later we read that Abraham got circumcised in an effort to keep God’s commandments;

Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the same day.
Genesis 17:26 ESV

&
‘…Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”’
(Genesis 26:5 ESV)

This formula and example of Abraham are expounded upon in Romans 4:11.

The ‘offence of the cross’ thus follows this formula, a person is justified (accounted righteous) by faith alone; by believing in the risen Christ (Messiah). With this faith, a believer upholds God’s commandments.

Christ’s resurrection is a fulfilling of the law and the prophets as per Holy Scripture (e.g. Deut 18:18-19, Isaiah 28:16, Eph 2:20, John 3:16) – it’s the good news.

This news however may sadly be offensive, intolerable, or deemed as strange talk in the ears of a person who currently does not believe the truth – and it is this good news (the gospel) that the apostle Paul suffered persecution for, and this persecution is referred to as ‘…the offence of the cross…’ (Galatians 5:11 KJV).

For reference, an excerpt from the Torah with regard to the commandment of circumcision can be found in Genesis 17:10-14.

May the Holy G-d bless you, believing in His risen Son the risen Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 5:2 – Circumcision was never abolished.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Some have currently, and sadly inherited the incorrect understanding of the following passage of Scripture;

Look: I, Paul, say to you that if you accept circumcision, Christ will be of no advantage to you.
Galatians 5:2 ESV

If we read just a little further, context for what verse 2 means by ‘accept’ circumcision, is found in verse 4 – it says;

You who are trying to be justified by the law have been alienated from Christ; you have fallen away from grace.
Galatians 5:4 NIV

Here, Holy Scripture confirms that when verse 2 says ‘accept’ circumcision, it means that the people who are being addressed in verse 2, may have been of the incorrect belief that they would be ‘justified by the law’ (v.4).

This means that they may have been trying to approach being declared completely righteous in an impossible way; 

‘relying on their deeds alone, instead of putting their confidence in G-d and Messiah for righteousness, whilst also diligently upholding the law.’

Brief Summary

Galatians 5:2 is indeed maintaining that circumcision is a commandment to uphold, though the context of it is ‘do not place your confidence on the flesh, and neglect faith in Christ (Messiah).

Justification is by faith;

For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
Romans 3:28 ESV

Salvation is by grace through faith;

‘For by grace are ye saved through faith…’
(Ephesians 2:8 KJV)

However with this faith, we still diligently strive to;

‘..uphold the law.’
(Romans 3:31 ESV)

‘…we uphold the Torah.’
(Kehilah in Rome 3:31 OJB).

A believing male is circumcised, though with this ‘faith with works’ instruction, one is certainly not forced by human hands, hence;

‘But even Titus, who was with me, was not forced to be circumcised…’
(Galatians 2:3 ESV)

And of the disciple Timothy,

‘Paul wanted to take him along on the journey, so he circumcised him…’
(Acts 16:3 NIV)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you with a beyond maximum increase, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 3:23 – ‘we were held captive under the law…’ explained.

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

In Galatians 3:23 it says;

Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.
Galatians 3:23 ESV

When it says ‘…held captive under the law…’, this is referring to fallen man being ‘imprisoned’ and in slavery to their sinful desires (ref. Romans 6:20) in their natural state, not able to satisfy the righteous requirement of the law – which is to do all commandments in order to obtain everlasting life, and not be ‘cursed’;

‘…“Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”’
(Galatians 3:10 ESV)
[ref. Deut 27:27, 28:1, 28:15, amongst other verses]


For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.
James 2:10 NIV

When it then goes on and says ‘…imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed….’, this then shows us that what is of great value is the believing by faith that God raised His Son the Lord Jesus Christ from the dead – as this faith allows for a person to be born again;

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.
John 3:3 NIV

And if one is believing in Christ this means;

‘…you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.
Galatians 5:18 NIV

Rather, they diligently;

‘…uphold the law.’
(Romans 3:31 ESV)

believing for grace;

‘“But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus…’
(Acts 15:11 NASB)

‘“And I will pour out… a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn.’
(Zechariah 12:10 KJV)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you with a beyond maximum increase, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Galatians 3:24 – ‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’, explained.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Galatians 3:24 reads as follows;

Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.
Galatians 3:24 NASB

A great number of dear people have currently, and sadly inherited an incorrect interpretation of Galatians 3:24.

The Incorrect Interpretation

The portion of this verse that is often recited out of context  is;

‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’,
(Galatians 3:24 NASB)

A dear though mistaken person, might currently say that this verse is thus saying something along the lines of;

‘… the Law of Moses (Torah) was simply a thing to observe until Christ came to complete his mission on the earth, and now we don’t have to do it anymore…’

Civilly, the above interpretation is incorrect, and let us know understand why.

The Correct Interpretation

Firstly, one should note that in no place does the verse state that the Law of Moses has been abolished, when it says ‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’.

 Rather, this well known phrase is actually the lead-up to the core context of the verse, and the core context of the verse is located toward the end of it – when it says;

Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.
Galatians 3:24 NASB.

The later part of this verse tells us that the context is thus speaking on the matter of ‘justification by faith’, and as we will continue to see, Galatians chapter 3 is not stating that the Law of Moses has been abolished at all.

Verse 11 confirms this context for us again, when it says;

Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.
Galatians 3:11 ESV

As verse 10 refers to the conditions of the Torah – when it says;

For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”
Galatians 3:10 ESV

[ref. Deut 27:27, 28:1, 28:15, amongst other verses]

‘…curses shall come upon you and overtake you.’
(Deuteronomy 28:15 ESV)

 When it says ‘…all who rely on works of the law…’, this is speaking of a person who is counting on their own merit and good deeds to be declared completely righteous before the Holy G-d. 

Such a ‘works-based’ approach is also referred to in verse 23 as seeking to be ‘under the law’;

Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.
Galatians 3:23 ESV

Brief Summary

In context, Galatians 3:24 tells us that the law is holy just and good (Rom 7:12), however the flesh is week (Matt 26:41) and we can not fulfil what it requires.

What the Torah requires is a person to do it ‘…all… always…’ (Deut 5:29). A person is certainly not doing all of Torah Law is they are not observing Deuteronomy 18:18-19; listening to and doing what a prophet of the LORD has instructed – and besides observing the Sabbath, the major instruction is to believe in Christ (Messiah);

‘…You believe in God; believe also in me.’
(John 14:1 NIV)

This faith and instruction is elaborated in other places see (Isa 28:16, Eph 2:20, John 3:16).

Brief Summary

In Galatians 3:24, the approach for a believer’s walk is by no means declared as a lawless, ‘pick and choose’-type one. Rather, it is consistent with the fuller scope of Holy Scripture;

For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
Romans 3:28, 3:31 ESV

‘…we who are the circumcision, we who serve God by his Spirit, who boast in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh…’
(Philippians 3:3 NIV)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you with a beyond maximum increase, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Romans 10:4 – ‘…Christ is the end of the Law…’, explained.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Romans 10:4 reads as follows;

For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
Romans 10:4 ESV

A great number of dear people have currently, and sadly inherited an incorrect interpretation of Romans 10:4 thinking that this verse is trying to communicate that the law of Moses (Torah) has been abolished – however, such is not the case.

The portion of this verse that is often quoted out of context is usually the first part of it – which reads;

‘…Christ is the end of the law…’
(Romans 10:4 ESV)

If isolated and read on it’s own, this ‘…Christ is the end of the law…’ portion will generally not communicate proper context to a person.

Rather, the next words that follow in this verse are essential here for a person to understand what is being communicated – when it says;

‘…Christ is the end of the law for righteousness…’
(Romans 4:10 ESV)

This means that the verse is thus speaking on the matter of how a person is to be declared completely ‘righteous‘ before the Holy G-d; by believing in His risen Son (Christ).

If paraphrased, Romans 4:10 is essentially saying that,

‘all who believe in Christ, are accounted as righteous because of their faith – all of which is a gift from G-d’.

This is confirmed in the Old Testament (Tanakh) – when it says that those who believe will be deemed righteous, and have everlasting life;

‘…the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)

‘…‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’…’
(Isaiah 28:16 ESV)

Hence,

‘…not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God on the basis of faith.’
(Philippians 3:9 NIV)

For Those Who Currently Do Not Believe in Christ (Messiah)

 Now, If one sadly does not believe in Christ (Messiah), but prefers to rely solely on their good deeds by observing Torah Law to be deemed as a completely righteous person before the Holy G-d; Torah Law, and the rest of the Holy Scriptures say such a person cannot meet the righteous requirement of doing ‘all’ commandments and are thus liable to judgement;

‘…do not enter into judgment with Your servant, For in Your sight no man living is righteous.’
(Psalm 143:2 NASB)

‘…do all his commandments…’
(Deuteronomy 28:1 KJV)

‘…do all his commandments and his statutes…’
(Deuteronomy 28:15 KJV).

‘…do all these commandments;’
(Leviticus 26:14 KJV)

‘…do all my commandments,’
(Leviticus 26:15 KJV)

“Cursed is anyone who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out.”…’
(Deuteronomy 27:27 NIV)

Sadly, fallen man simply cannot observe all of Torah Law here without sinning, and thus such an approach based on works is not Scripturally achievable (ref. Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV, Ezekiel 20:25).

For Believers

With this, a believer takes comfort in the following Holy verses in that they are no longer under the law, though uphold it diligently – believing that they will receive grace upon being resurrected;

But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.
Galatians 5:18 NIV

For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.

Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
Romans 3:28, 3:31 ESV

‘…we uphold the Torah.’
(Kehillah in Rome 3:31 OJB),

‘…diligently…’
(Exodus 15:26 KJV).

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

A Person Cannot Worship Christ – (worship vs. honor)

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Introduction

Civilly, with regard to Holy Scripture a person will not be able to find a single verse where it says it is acceptable to ‘worship’ or ‘give glory’ to Christ (Messiah) – in context.

Such could be seen as a mistranslation of interlinear text, context, and thus break Scripture.

Christ Does Not Receive Worship Or Glory From Humans

“I do not accept glory from human beings,
John 5:41 NIV
[Strong’s G1391 is used in John 5:41; ‘..honor…glory.’ ‘worship’; (Strong’s exhaustive concordance)]

With this, we then see in another place that glory is for G-d (the Father);

Worship / Glory Is To God Alone;

So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.
1 Corinthians 10:31 NIV
[Strong’s G1391 is used in 1 Corinthians 10:31; ‘..honor…glory.’]

A person can note that the same ancient Greek word (G1391) was used in both of the above verses.

God Is Honored And So Is The Risen Lord Jesus Christ (Messiah)

With this, we can see that ‘honor’ (respect/reverence) is allowed to be given to both God and also the Son (Christ/Messiah) – but no mention of ‘glory’ to the Son;

that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.
John 5:23 ESV
[Strong’s G5091 is used in John 5:23; ‘..honor, reverence.’, and not glory.].

A Contextual Rule of Thumb

 A person can note that the ancient Greek word used in John 5:23 (G5091) does not have ‘glory’ as a definition – therefore a contextual translation rule could be humbly submitted here as;

Glory and honor/reverence to God; 
G5091 and G1391 ‘glory/honor/reverence’ ,
and
Honor/reverence to the risen King Messiah (Christ);
G5091 and G1391 ‘honor / reverence’;
as
‘glory’ is associated with the worship of G-d (see Strong’s exhaustive concordance, and dictionary definitions).’.

John 1:14 more clearly translated from ‘glory’ to ‘honor’

The are some unique sighting(s) such as John 1:14, which speak of the Son (Christ), and is translated with the word ‘glory’ – it reads as follows;

And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
John 1:14 ESV

The Strong’s Greek word 1391 is again used here and it has some varying potential english definitions that are mentioned at the top of this response where John 5:41, 1 Corinthians 10:31 are quoted – e.g. ‘..honor…glory.’.

These definitions should be weighed carefully and be based on context – especially as this verse is speaking of Christ/Messiah, the righteous, risen man who cannot receive ‘glory’ from humans (ref. John 5:41).

For the sake of clarity, John 1:14 should thus not be translated with ‘glory’ in it, but rather with ‘honor’ instead – when speaking of the risen King Messiah (Christ). It can read as follows;

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his honor, the renown as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
(John 1:14 KJV amended)

Hoping it is fruitful.

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Isaiah 53:10 explained; God raised Christ/Messiah from the dead.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

‘…He [G-d] shall see His seed [His Son (Christ)], He [G-d] shall prolong his days [‘prolong his days’; ‘raise His Son from the dead’ – speaking of when the Holy G-d raised Christ/Messiah from the dead)]…’
(Isaiah 53:10)
[with explanation in brackets in blue]

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Israel The Servant; Man (singular) or Nation (plural)? – Key verses by verse, from Isaiah.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Introduction

Did you know that the Holy G-d has had more than one servant in the past, walking on the earth?

Noah, Abraham, Moses, Aaron, Elijah, and the prophet Isaiah have all served G-d as servants amongst other faithfully righteous people.

With this, in the holy book of Isaiah every time the Scriptures mention the word ‘servant’ or ‘Israel’ they are not necessarily speaking of the same ‘servant’ in each chapter, or instance.

For example, when the Scriptures say that ‘Israel’ is God’s ‘servant’, the use of the word ‘Israel’ is not always meant to be taken in a plural sense as referring to the ‘nation of Israel’ – but rather, it can also be referring to one individual namely the Lord Jesus (Yehoshua) Christ.

We will now review some key instances from the book of Isaiah, where both ‘Israel’ and ‘servant’ will refer to either a nation (plural), or one man being the Messiah (Christ) (singular) instead. 

Dot Point Summary

Here is the brief summary of the subject verses that are covered here in this article, in advance;

Isaiah 41:8-9 – Nation (plural).

8 “But you, Israel, My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, Descendant of Abraham My friend,
9 You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, And called from its remotest parts And said to you, ‘You are My servant, I have chosen you and not rejected you.
Isaiah 41:8-9 NASB

These instances of ‘servant’, ‘Israel’, and ‘Jacob’ – by interpretation, refer to the literal nation of Israel (plural).

Why? In verse 14, it states plurality when it says ‘men’;

‘…you worm Jacob… you men of Israel…’.
(Isaiah 41:14 NASB)

Isaiah 43:10 – Nation (plural).

“You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “And My servant whom I have chosen, So that you may know and believe Me And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me.
Isaiah 43:10 NASB

The next verse (v.12) confirms that this passage is using ‘servant’ (v.10) in the plural sense, when it says;

‘…you are My witnesses…’
(Isaiah 43:12 NASB)

Isaiah 44:1-2 – Nation (plural)

There are a number of interpretations in this instance, and here two are submitted transparently.

First, let us read the subject passage; “But now hear, O Jacob my servant, Israel whom I have chosen! 2 Thus says the LORD who made you, who formed you from the womb and will help you: Fear not, O Jacob my servant, Jeshurun whom I have chosen.
Isaiah 44:1-2 ESV

In Isaiah chapter 44, the nation (plural) interpretation is consistent with the chapter’s use of ‘servant’ and ‘Israel’.

In verse 8, it says;

‘…And you are my witnesses!…’
(Isaiah 44:8 ESV)

The word ‘witnesses‘ in verse 8, demonstrates the plurality for verses 1-2’s use of the words ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’.

Holding to this plural interpretation in this instance, we will then later see that verse 21 is also interpreted in a nation (plural) way – when ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’ appear in the text.

Isaiah 44:21 – Nation (plural).

“Remember these things, O Jacob, And Israel, for you are My servant; I have formed you, you are My servant, O Israel, you will not be forgotten by Me.
Isaiah 44:21 NASB

Why is it plural in this instance? Because in verse 22 it then speaks of this ‘servant’s’ ‘transgressions’ and ‘sins’;

‘“I have wiped out your transgressions… And your sins…’
(Isaiah 44:22 NASB)

In context, and for our reference – Ecclesiastes 7:20 states that all men born of fallen man’s seed sadly sin here;

For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV

This here is also further Scriptural support confirming that the ‘servant’ mentioned later in Isaiah 53, differs to the servant mentioned in Isaiah 44:21 – as, the righteous servant of Isaiah 53 has never sinned, it says;

’…he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.’
(Isaiah 53:9 KJV).

&
‘…he practised no iniquity…’
(Isaiah 53:9 Brenton Septuagint Translation)

Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.
Hebrews 13:18 NIV

amongst other Scriptures on the matter.

Isaiah 45:4 – Nation (plural).

For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.
Isaiah 45:4 ESV

Here, ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’ are referring to the nation of Israel (plural), and not one man, being the Messiah (Christ) in this instance.

Why, and how so? In verse 5 it then says;

‘…you do not know me.’.
(Isaiah 45:5 ESV).

 It is confirmed in Holy Scripture, that the majority (plural), do not truly know G-d;

‘…”You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied.’
(John 8:19 NIV)

and,

‘…no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.’
(Matthew 11:27 NIV)

The risen King Messiah (Christ) is in G-d’s presence, at His right hand, and thus certainly knows Him, blessed be He;

‘The LORD [G-d] said unto my Lord [Christ], Sit thou at my right hand…’
(Psalm 110:1 KJV [with explanation in brackets, in blue])

and,

6 Thy throne, O god [Christ], is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore god [Christ], thy God [the Father], hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalm 45:6-7 KJV

[(amended, little ‘g’ denotes a created being, see article ‘John 1:1 explained…’ – with explanation in brackets, in blue])

Isaiah 48:20 – Nation (plural).

Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea, declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it, send it out to the end of the earth; say, “The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
Isaiah 48:20 ESV

This prophetic verse is using the words ‘servant’, and ‘Jacob’, in a plural sense.

Why? As, in the next verse (v.21) it refers to the nation of Israel’s Exodus from Egypt, whilst referring to the ‘servant Jacob’ of v.20;

They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he made water flow for them from the rock; he split the rock and the water gushed out.
Isaiah 48:21 ESV.

Isaiah 49:3 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

‘3 And he said to me, “You are my servant, Israel, in whom I will be glorified.”…
5 And now the LORD says, he who formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob back to him; and that Israel might be gathered to him— for I am honored in the eyes of the LORD, and my God has become my strength—…’
(Isaiah 49:3, 49:5 ESV)

What a person will notice is that ‘Israel’ is mentioned twice, once in verse 3, and then again in verse 5.

In verse 3, ‘Israel‘ is referring to one man being the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach), the ‘servant’.

Then in verse 5, the name ‘Israel‘ is no longer referring to a man, but is rather being used alongside the name ‘Jacob‘ – and both of these are referring to a fallen nation who are being ‘brought back’ and ‘gathered’ by the servant who is mentioned in verse 3, to G-d.

The verse has been color coded above to assist in understanding context;

  • blue indicates ‘Israel’ being a single man as the righteous servant
  • red indicates ‘Israel’ and ‘Jacob’ being a fallen nation

This chapter nears the iconic Messianic chapter of Isaiah 53, and essentially reads the lines of;

‘The perfect man (Christ) (singular) has brought back a fallen nation (plural) to the Holy G-d.’

Further, to incorrectly say that such a task was to be done by a fallen nation, such would break Scripture when later in verse 6 it says it was a ‘light thing’ for the servant to accomplish;

‘…It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob…’
(Isaiah 49:6 KJV)

Christ accomplished this enacting of the New Covenant by fulfilling (observing) all of Torah Law perfectly, having never sinned even in a body of flesh, not even once – he;

‘…humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross….’
(Philippians 2:8 ESV)
&
‘…he was cut off out of the land of the living…’
(Isaiah 53:8 KJV).

The righteous servant (singular), in turn makes;

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)

‘…by his knowledge…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV),

as he,

‘…makes intercession for the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12 ESV).

[A separate article for Isaiah 49:3 & 49:5 is also available here].

Isaiah 49:5 –

Kindly see the combined explanation for Isaiah 49:3 and 49:5 (above).

Isaiah 49:8 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

Isaiah chapter 49 continues with a singular ‘servant’ in verse 8, confirming that verse 3 is indeed speaking of one man – where it was cryptically referring to the Messiah as ‘Israel’ and the ‘servant’, both times in a singular sense.

In verse 8, it says that G-d will ‘give’ the servant (singular) as a covenant to the ‘people’ (plural);

‘…I will keep you and give you as a covenant to the people…’
(Isaiah 49:8 ESV)

 Further, in the next verse (v.9), it then then says the servant speaks to the;

‘…prisoners…’
(Isaiah 49:9 ESV/KJV)

and such is consistent with other Scriptures which confirm the risen Christ (Messiah) as having done such;

“I am the LORD ; I have called you in righteousness; I will take you by the hand and keep you; I will give you as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon,  from the prison those who sit in darkness.
Isaiah 42:6‭-‬7 ESV
&
18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, 19 in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, 20 because they formerly did not obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water. 
1 Peter 3:18-20 ESV

Isaiah 53:10 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Isaiah 53:10 KJV

How do we know that the ‘servant‘ of Isaiah 53, is speaking in a singular sense, and thus is referring to the risen King Messiah (Christ)?

The above explanations for Isaiah 49:3 and 49:5, 42:6 and 49:8 – have provided the singular context for the ‘servant’ who is spoken of throughout Isaiah chapter 53.

One will also find that throughout chapter 53, the constant theme of ‘one (Christ/Messiah) serving for the many (people)’ is consistent in verses such as;

‘…he was wounded for our transgressions…’
(Isaiah 53:5 KJV)

&
‘…he… makes intercession for the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12 ESV).

 Again, another valid citing here is that all men born of fallen man’s seed here, sadly sin (ref. Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV) – however, in Isaiah 53:9 it confirms that the suffering, righteous servant in this chapter – who is Christ, has never sinned, when it says;

‘…he had done no violence…’
(Isaiah 53:9 KJV).

 Further, Isaiah 53:10 confirms that the risen Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach) literally does not have a biological human father – as you may have already read in the famous virgin Mary birth account, which is found in the New Testament (Brit Chadasha).

Isaiah 53:10 does this in a literal way by stating that the servant (Messiah) is the literal Son (offspring/seed) of the Living G-d – right before it speaks of when G-d had raised His Son from the dead.

Here is part Isaiah 53:10 with the explanation in brackets;

‘…He [G-d] shall see His seed [His Son (Christ)], He [G-d] shall prolong his days [‘prolong his days’; ‘raise His Son from the dead’ – speaking of when the Holy G-d raised Christ from the dead)]…’
(Isaiah 53:10) [with explanation in brackets in blue].

Isaiah 53:11 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

With Isaiah chapters 49 and 53 explained thus far, the context for verse 11, here, should now be clear;

Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities.
Isaiah 53:11 ESV

The context of Isaiah 53:11, is with regard to one man (singular) making;

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV),

as he,

‘…made intercession for the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:11 NIV)

Christ’s/Messiah’s resurrection in Isaiah 53

With the above instances of ‘Israel’ and the ‘servant’ being shared, perhaps it is fitting to now share where Holy Scripture says that God raised His Son from the dead;

‘…He [G-d] shall see His seed [His Son (Christ)], He [G-d] shall prolong his days [‘prolong his days’; ‘raise His Son from the dead’ – speaking of when the Holy G-d raised Christ/Messiah from the dead)]…’
(Isaiah 53:10) [with explanation in brackets in blue]

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Isaiah 49:3 & 49:5 – The Suffering ‘Righteous Servant’ of Isaiah 53; one man and not a nation.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

A Brief Summary

Isaiah 49 acts as a key to a puzzle and assists a reader in knowing that the righteous suffering servant being spoken of in Isaiah 53, is not a nation – though rather one man (Christ/Messiah).

The two subject verses of Isaiah 49 read as follows;

3 And he said to me, “You are my servant, Israel, in whom I will be glorified.”…
5 And now the LORD says, he who formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob back to him; and that Israel might be gathered to him— for I am honored in the eyes of the LORD, and my God has become my strength—’
(Isaiah 49:3, 49:5 ESV)

The Interpretation

What a person will notice is that ‘Israel’ is mentioned twice – once in verse 3, and then again in verse 5.

In verse 3, ‘Israel‘ is referring to one man being the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach), the ‘servant’.

Then in verse 5, the name ‘Israel‘ is no longer referring to a man, but is rather being used alongside the name ‘Jacob‘ – and both of these are referring to a fallen nation who are being ‘brought back’ and ‘gathered’ by the servant who is mentioned in verse 3, to G-d.

The verse has been colour coded above to assist in understanding context;

  • blue indicates ‘Israel’ being a single man as the righteous servant
  • red indicates ‘Israel’ and ‘Jacob’ being a fallen nation

 This interpretation assists in showing that the suffering ‘righteous servant’ of Isaiah 53 is indeed one man (the risen Christ/Messiah), and not a nation of many people.

There are certainly more chapters and verses to share from the holy book of Isaiah with regard to the topic of the suffering ‘righteous servant’ – however for the sake of brevity, perhaps these will be addressed at a later time, G-d willing.

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel; bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach (the Lord Jesus Christ). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

‘The Letter to the Gentiles’ – Where New Repentant Believers Start (Acts 15 and 21)

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

A Brief Summary

With a new believer believing in Christ (Messiah), learning all of the law of Moses at once might seem like a daunting proposition. 

This ‘Letter to the Gentiles’ serves as a starting point for new Gentile believers in Christ to strive to observe and uphold – in the beginning of their walk. It specifies four sinful items that a new believer is to initially abstain from, with their observance of the Sabbath – and reads as follows;

19 Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the Gentiles who turn to God,
20 but should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood.
21 For from ancient generations Moses has had in every city those who proclaim him, for he is read every Sabbath in the synagogues.”
Acts 15:19-21 ESV

Other instances of these four sinful items to abstain from as found in the Letter to the Gentiles, also appear in Acts 15:28-29 and Acts 21:25.

How Do We Know These Are Four Things To Begin With?

Now that a person believes, has repented and even been baptised – how do we know how do we know that these four sinful items to abstain from are initial things for a believer to strive to overcome, to begin with? 

It tells when it says the Letter is for those who are turning to G-d;

‘…the Gentiles who turn to God,’
(Acts 15:19 ESV)
&
‘…those who are turning to God…’
(Acts 15:19 NASB)

We thus know that the ‘Letter to the Gentiles’ in no way abolishes Torah Law, as ‘…turning to G-d…’ is a process.

In context the passage of Holy Scripture then goes on to say that ‘new believers will then hear the Law of Moses read every Sabbath day, learn, and then also in turn apply the other commandments in their lives as they mature…’ – when it says;

For from ancient generations Moses has had in every city those who proclaim him, for he is read every Sabbath in the synagogues.”
Acts 15:21 ESV.

Scripture then confirms the interpretation of the Letter to the Gentiles being four things for a believer in Christ (Messiah) begins with – when it says a believer is to;

‘…uphold the law.’
(Romans 3:31 ESV)
&
‘…we uphold the Torah.’
(Kehillah in Rome 3:31 OJB).

The Initial Four Items To Abstain From Briefly Described

These four initial sinful items to abstain from will now be explained in further detail, in dot point-type form.

1) ‘…abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols…’;

This item includes the abstaining from all things related to idolatry (idol worship), including food that has been sacrificed and the person has knowledge of such having taken place, before they eat said food in question.

Idolatry is also featured in the Ten Commandments amongst other places, where it says;

‘“You shall have no other gods before Me.
“You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them…’
(Exodus 20:3-5 NASB)

2) ‘…from blood…’;

This item pertains to not eating or drinking any blood, as per Torah Law;

‘…you shall not eat the blood…’
(Deuteronomy 12:16 NASB)

 With this item, is the useful practice of ‘Koshering meat’. Koshering meat includes sanitary procedures and practical methods for striving to ensure that no blood remains or is consumed.

An article for further reading on the practice of removing blood from kosher meat may be found here (Chabad; Koshering Meat article), for a reference. It might also be of use to know that some kosher butchers offer meat that has already had blood removed from it.

3) ‘…from what has been strangled…’;

This item is addressing the prohibition against eating any animal that has been slaughtered in a non-kosher way, by way of strangulation.

 ‘Shechita’ is the approved process to slaughter a clean animal. It is known as being both kosher and humane, and an article on the topic can be found here (Chabad; What is Shechita article), for some further details and a reference.

If a person desires to eat meat, another key benefit of purchasing kosher meat that has been slaughtered by the approved way of Shechita – is that this way of slaughter is essentially a guarantee that the animal has not been strangled (e.g. in a ‘secular’-type slaughterhouse), as the person who slaughters the animal is usually quite observant to Torah Law, and has been trained accordingly.

4) ‘…from sexual immorality.”‘

This item addresses sinful practices which for many are hardest for the flesh to overcome; any unlawful sexual deed.

In the Holy Scriptures, forbidden immoral deeds in this category are listed, and these can be found in such places as Leviticus 18 and Deuteronomy 22, and also spoken of in Matthew 5:27-30, 5:32, and the like.


May the holy God bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

The ‘New Covenant’; Only Possible By Believing in Christ (Messiah) – A Brief Summary.

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

A Brief Summary

The blessings that are received by believing in Christ (Messiah) are listed in what is known as the ‘new covenant’ (Jer 31:31, Heb 8:8).

Blessings that are included in the New Covenant are broadly as follows;

Verses Confirming Two Matters

This article will now continue and close with some verses which confirm the following two categories;

  1. Verses which describe what is found within the New Covenant (some as per the above dot points)

and,

  1. Verses that show that Christ (Messiah) is the individual to believe in to receive the blessings of the New Covenant.

Category 1

1) Some Verses describing what is found within the New Covenant

‘… I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah… “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the LORD, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”’
(Jeremiah 31:31, 31:33-34 ESV)

25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. 28 You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. 29 Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you…, 
33 ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt.’
(Ezekiel 36:25-29, 36:33 NASB)

‘…I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah.
9 It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord. 10 This is the covenant I will establish with the people of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 11 No longer will they teach their neighbor, or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. 12 For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.”’
(Hebrews 8:8-12 NIV)

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
2 Corinthians 5:17 KJV


‘…he that believeth shall not make haste.
(Isaiah 28:16 KJV)
&
‘…Son, that
whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
(John 3:16 KJV)

Category 1

2) Some Verses that show that Christ (Messiah) is the individual to believe in for the New Covenant and it’s blessings;

‘…I will give you as a covenant for the people…’
(Isaiah 42:6 ESV)
&
‘…I will keep you and give you as a covenant to the people…’
(Isaiah 49:8 ESV)

therefore thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I am the one who has laid as a foundation in Zion, a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation: ‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’
Isaiah 28:16 ESV
&
built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone,
Ephesians 2:20 ESV

and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.”
Genesis 22:18 NIV
&
Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one, “And to your offspring,” who is Christ.
Galatians 3:16 ESV

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
2 Corinthians 5:17 KJV
&
‘…our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.
15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature. 16 And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.’
(Galatians 6:14-16 KJV)

The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; I will… put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
(Deuteronomy 18:15, 18-19 KJV)
&
‘…Believe in God; believe also in me.’
(John 14:1 ESV)
&
‘Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong…’
(Isaiah 28:22 KJV)

14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:14-16 KJV

 Whilst more could be expanded on with regard to this topic, for the sake of this brief summary perhaps it would be best to address other finer matters at another time, G-d willing.

May the holy God bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Why was the Messiah (Christ) baptized?

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

The purpose of this explanation of Holy Scripture is to explain why the Lord Jesus (Yehoshua) Christ was baptized by John the Baptist in water.

This explanation is submitted out of love, and a primary reason for it being shared is due to an inaccurate interpretation of Scripture that some may currently and sadly hold – which when paraphrased, is along the lines of ‘Christ needed baptism by John for forgiveness…’.

Here we will see why such an assertion is not Scriptural true at all, and that the risen Lord Jesus Christ has always literally been without sin.

May it be fruitful.

The Messiah (Christ) Has Always Been Sinless

The King Messiah (Christ) has always been sinless. The following verse can be seen as confirmation of such;

Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.
Hebrews 13:8 NIV [note; ‘same‘.]

With this, we have another verse to confirm that the risen King Messiah (Christ) never sinned;

‘…he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.’
(Isaiah 53:8 ESV)

‘…he practised no iniquity…’
(Isaiah 53:8 Brenton Septuagint Translation).


amongst others.

What Was The Reason For The Baptism Then?

So then, why was the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach) baptised then, if John the baptist’s baptism was for repentance? – it says;

I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry.
Matthew 3:11 ESV [also see John 1:27]

And on those grounds righteous John said to the Lord Jesus Christ;

‘…“I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” 
(Matthew 3:15 ESV)

 The reason for the Messiah’s (Christ’s) baptism could be described as ‘to make the Messiah (Christ) known’ – as it says;

‘…among you stands one you do not know,’
(John 1:26 ESV)

and,

31 I myself did not know him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that he might be revealed to Israel.
32 Then John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him.
33 And I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is the one who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’
34 I have seen and I testify that this is God’s Chosen One.
John 1:31-34 NIV

John the baptizer was instructed to baptize with water for repentance, but he was also baptizing to make the Messiah (Christ) known. John was in turn following an instruction from God – fulfilling a prophesy also (Isaiah 40:3). 

Christ Was Also Baptised To Obey A Commandment of God; 

Because baptism was an instruction from the Lord GOD, the Lord Jesus (Yehoshua) Christ in turn certainly obeyed, and upheld the Law of Moses in the process by listening and doing – where Deuteronomy speaks of appointed servants/prophets;

18 I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.
19 It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.
Deuteronomy 18:18-19 NASB.

 A person might say that John the Baptist never claimed that he was a prophet (ref. John 1:21) – to which the following is humbly submitted;

13 For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John,
14 and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come.
Matthew 11:13-14 ESV
(Elijah being a righteous prophet).

&
But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and one who is more than a prophet.
Luke 7:26 NASB

 One ‘golden rule’ verse again for confirmation with the interpretation of Holy Scripture in this instance is;

Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.
Hebrews 13:8 NIV [note; ‘same‘.]

Therefore, Christ (Messiah);

‘…had no sin…’
(2 Corinthians 5:21 NIV)

Shalom, shavuah tov (great week ahead), and may Hashem (G-d) bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

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“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Believers not to be called ‘rabbi’, and the like – (Matthew 23:8-12)

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The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

This interpretation of Matthew 23:8-12 is shared politely out of love, and requires consideration of the other verses explained here, to arrive at sound context.

The passage reads as follows;

But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers.
And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.
Neither be called instructors, for you have one instructor, the Christ.
Matthew 23:8-10 ESV 

The Interpretation

 The passage is speaking of how a believer is not to be called a ‘rabbi’ and the like. The reason for this is because if they do in fact believe in Messiah (Christ) – they have essentially been given all (sound understanding) that they have, from God;

‘…that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another…. What do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it?’
(1 Corinthians 4:6‭-‬7 ESV)

Generally one could tend to rest here (politely) on this matter – however, then we have verses such as;

‘…Are all teachers?…’
(1 Corinthians 12:29 NIV)

When is says ‘teachers’, 1 Corinthians 12:29 is in no place then advising that a believing person should go call himself a teacher or rabbi – just because they share Holy Scripture and try to give the meaning.

And then there’s this verse,

‘…for in Christ Jesus I became your father through the gospel.’
(1 Corinthians 4:15 NIV)

When it says ‘…father in Christ…’ of the righteous apostle Paul; the corresponding interpretation is that ‘father’ is used in a figurative sense in that, ‘the apostle Paul shared the word which is the ‘seed’ (ref. Luke 8:11)’ – and thus ‘father’ here is not in a sense where such a title would be used as a way of addressing the righteous apostle, be it casual or formal.

 In closing, it could be said that the passage in Matthew 23:8-12 certainly promotes a humble attitude;

The greatest among you will be your servant.
For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.
Matthew 23:11-12 NIV

May the holy G-d bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

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Colossians 2:14 – The Law of Moses was never ‘nailed to the cross’.

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Colossians 2:14 can be a verse that can be hard to understand. Here it is in the KJV translation;

Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
Colossians 2:14 KJV

A contextually clearer rendering of this verse is as follows;

by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
Colossians 2:14 ESV

The Interpretation

In the KJV translation, the word ‘handwriting’ may also be translated as ‘bond’ (as per the interlinear text, when reviewing the Strong’s Concordance for Greek word number G5490).

According to various dictionaries [definition 3], the word ‘bond’ relates to ‘debt’ and ‘indebtedness’.

We see renderings here that are similar to the ESV, such as the NASB and NIV English translations – where they also speak of a believer’s ‘record of debt’ / ‘indebtedness’ – which is ‘a record of one’s sins’;

NASB;
having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.
Colossians 2:14 NASB

NIV;
having canceled the charge of our legal indebtedness, which stood against us and condemned us; he has taken it away, nailing it to the cross.
Colossians 2:14 NIV

KJV;
Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
Colossians 2:14 KJV

ESV;
by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
Colossians 2:14 ESV

Now that we see that the ‘handwriting’ (KJV) or ‘record of debt’ (ESV) is referring to the list of a person’s sins.

When the verse then goes on to speak of ‘ordinances’ (KJV), or ‘legal demands’ (ESV) – and the like; it is referring to the ‘consequences of sin as per the law of Moses’

For many sins, we know that ultimately;

The ‘legal demands’ of many sins as per the Law of Moses is ‘death’ – hence;

For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:23 KJV

 With this we can see that Colossians 2:14 does not say – in any place – that the law of Moses has been ‘nailed’ to the cross, tree, or stake. The torah not been cancelled out, or abolished – no not at all.

What the verse does in fact say is in fact ‘nailed’ to the ‘cross’ is;

the record of debt [the long ‘list’ of a believer’s sins], along with it’s legal demands that were against us [along with the penalties (legal demands) for sin, that were once recorded against us] have been set aside – nailed to the cross‘.

With this correct interpretation – it is with this faith in Christ (in Moshiach) that,

‘…we uphold the law.’
(Romans 3:31 ESV)

‘...we uphold the Torah.’
(Kehillah in Rome 3:31 OJB)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase, in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers;

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

The approach; Believing and Doing – (Romans 3:28, 3:31, 4:11)

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Two verses which demonstrate the approach a believer takes, with their repentance when hearing the gospel (good news) are Romans 3:28 and 3:31 – they read as follows;

‘For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
(Romans 3:28, 3:31 ESV)

The above verses are pointing to the example of faithful Abraham, who believed God, and was then accounted righteous because of his faith – before his works (e.g. circumcision). We also see that Abraham upheld God’s commandments as a type of ‘seal’ for the righteousness that he had received by faith;

‘He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised….’
(Romans 4:11 ESV)

For reference, Romans 4:11 is speaking of accounts such as these which are found in Genesis;

And he believed the LORD, and he counted it to him as righteousness.
Genesis 15:6 ESV

Then Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all the servants who were born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s household, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the very same day, as God had said to him.
Genesis 17:23 NASB

James 2:22-23 then confirms this ‘method’ yet again;

‘You see that his faith and his actions were working together… And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,” and he was called God’s friend.’
(James 2:22-23 NIV)

And then James 2:26 expounds on the Holy Scriptures read at the beginning of this explanation (Romans 3:28, 3:31) – where it says;

‘…faith without deeds is dead.’
(James 2:26 NIV).

Hence the approach;

‘a believer is justified by faith apart from works, though with this faith a believer is to uphold the law (Torah)’.

Abraham certainly has faith, and Abraham certainly upholds God’s laws;

because Abraham obeyed Me and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes and My laws.”
Genesis 26:5 NASB

May the holy G-d bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adaonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Translation Disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. http://www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

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John 8:58 – ‘Jesus said… I am…’ (There is No trinity)

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“Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

The ever popular ‘…I am…’ verse found in the book of John is often used to support the claim for the incorrect doctrine known as the ‘trinity’.

Here, John 8:58 is explained in context – without malice – in order to show that when the Messiah (Christ) said ‘…I am…’, that this simply means ‘he existed, before Abraham’.

The verse in the KJV translation reads as follows;

Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
John 8:58 KJV
[unclear in this instance (without malice)]

The Clearer Translation of John 8:58 which will be explained in an easy-to-read manner, is as follows;

Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I existed/was.
John 8:58 Clearer Translation

The Interlinear Text

The word rendered as Iam‘ in John 8:58, is the Strong’s Concordance Greek word number 1510;

As per G1510’s definitions, usage, and recorded appearances in the Scriptures – this can indeed be legally translated as ‘existed’, or ‘was’;

What does this all mean?

‘…I existed/was…’ therefore is simply referring to how Christ (to how the Messiah) existed before G-d had sent him to earth.

Now that this has been established, some Holy Scriptures that show us that Christ (Messiah) did in fact pre-exist in heaven before being born on earth, include Proverbs 8:12 and 8:22, which link with Matthew 11:19 and Luke 7:43-45;

‘I wisdom
The LORD made me as the beginning of His way,
The first of His works of old.
(Proverbs 8:12, 8:22 JPS Tanakh 1917)

The Son of Manwisdom is justified by her deeds.”
(Matthew 11:19 ESV)


The Son of Manwisdom is justified by all her children.”
(Luke 7:34-35 ESV).

Here, Proverbs speaks of how ‘wisdom’ was made by the LORD (made by God), and with these Scriptures, Matthew and Luke then clarify and confirm the riddle of Proverbs 8; in that ‘wisdom’ is an alias or ‘nickname’ of sorts for the ‘Son of Man’ – for Christ (Messiah).

Proverbs 8:12 and 8:22 thus show us that Christ was ‘made’, and in turn existed in the beginning of creation ‘at the first of…’ [God’s] ‘…works of old.’ [ref. JPS Tanakh 1917; see also Brenton Septuagint Translation, NET Bible, Berean Study Bible, and the NLT etc., in this instance.]

 Another verse, which clarifies that the risen King Messiah (Christ) indeed existed before being born on the earth is Micah 5:2 (or 5:1, depending on your translation);

But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ancient days.
(Micah 5:2 ESV)

Here we read that a leader was expected to come forth from Bethlehem to be ruler in Israel, but at the same time – his coming forth is from ‘ancient days’ – i.e.;

he was born, then he leads many on earth with sound instruction from God, then was then raised from the dead – though with this; he existed before his walk on the earth, from ancient days.’

We could certainly visit and touch upon this and other matters that may present themselves as a derivative of this explanation of Holy Scripture – for the sake of brevity though, perhaps such can be shared at another time, G-d willing.

May the holy G-d bless you beyond maximum; believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Translation Disclaimers;

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

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Matthew 22:40 – ‘…on these two depend all the Law…’

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When speaking on the Law of Moses (Torah), Matthew 22:40 can be hard to understand. What a person needs to keep in mind when reading it is the word ‘depend’ (ESV) and/or ‘hangs’ (KJV)

On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”
Matthew 22:40 ESV

This verse is of course speaking of the greatest two commandments in the Law of Moses which are;

‘…You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’
(Matthew 22:37 ESV [ref. Deut 6:5])

and,

‘…You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’
(Matthew 22:39 ESV [Lev 19:18])
.

According to the interlinear text, when it says ‘…depend…’ in Matthew 22:40, this is actually the word number 2910 of the Strong’s Greek Concordance – a word that can also be translated as per it’s legal usages such as ‘hang’ and also ‘suspend’.

The context here when it says ‘hang’, ‘suspend’, is that these two greatest commandments are like the head and the neck of a person. With these two greatest commandments, the rest of the Law of Moses depends, hangs, is even suspended upon them; the other commandments could perhaps be seen as a businessman’s silk neck tie; relying on the two greatest commandments (the head and the neck) – hence, they ‘depend’ on the two big commandments.

Thus the tie does not cease to exist, no not at all, and therefore the Law of Moses has not been abolished or done away with. 

The silk neck tie (the other commandments) certainly exist – though, in the correct order; the two biggest commandments have the greatest weight, and the rest are dependant upon a person observing the greatest two.

May the holy G-d bless you; beyond maximum believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Translation Disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

There is No trinity – John 1:1

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“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

“Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

“Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

This explanation of Holy Scripture is submitted civilly and out of love.

With regard to John 1:1, we could perhaps touch upon linguistic word rules and the like – however, here for sake of simplicity; we will rely upon the context of the fuller scope of Holy Scripture.

Let’s quickly see two different translations for this verse – the first being the KJV which we will see to be an inaccurate English translation in this instance, and then we will read a clearer translation.

Two Interpretations;

KJV
The KJV is one of the most known translations of John 1:1 – it reads as follows;

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 1:1 KJV [incorrect in this instance]

Clearer Translation
The clearer translation can be comparable in this particular instance to the published NWT translation, and it reads as follows;

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god.
John 1:1 Clearer Translation (also see NWT)

Here when the verse speaks of the ‘Word’ being ‘a god’, the little letter lowercase ‘g’ represents a created spirit-type being, and not the uncreated Creator of all things, the Father (God).

This correct monotheistic-modelled interpretation can be arrived at by reconciling the fuller scope of Holy Scripture.

Verses such as;

‘…God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man…’
(Numbers 23:19 ESV)

‘…I am God and not a man…’
(Hosea 11:9 ESV)

and even 1 Samuel 15:29;

‘…the Glory of Israel… he is not a man…’
(1 Samuel 15:29 ESV)

all read along the lines of;

G-d is ‘not a man’, ‘human’, or a ‘son of man’, and assists us in learning more about G-d, and how to think when referring to Him, blessed is He.

With this, we have been given other key verses which then describe Christ (Messiah) as actually being; a ‘man’, and the ‘son of man’ – such as;

‘…the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.’
(John 3:14-15 ESV)

and,

‘The times of ignorance God overlooked… he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed… raising him from the dead.”’
(Acts 17:30-31 ESV)

and the like.

‘…the scripture cannot be broken…’
(John 10:35 KJV).

There other verses which could be visited to explore this matter. However, for sake of brevity such other Scriptures can perhaps be addressed in other explanations of Holy Scripture, God willing.

May the holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Translation Disclaimers;

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Israel the servant; man (singular) or nation (plural)? – some key verses from Isaiah explained.

(Isaiah 41:8-9, 43:10-11, 44:1-2, 44:21, 45:4, 48:20, 49:3, 49:8, 42:6, 53:11 explained)


Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


Israel the servant;
man (singular) or nation (plural)?
– some key verses from Isaiah explained.

(Isaiah 41:8-9, 43:10-11, 44:1-2, 44:21, 45:4, 48:20, 49:3, 49:8, 42:6, 53:11 explained)

Did you know that the Holy G-d has had more than one servant in the past on the earth?

Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, and the prophet Isaiah have all served G-d as servants amongst other faithfully righteous people.

With these, the risen King Messiah (Christ) is referred to as G-d’s righteous servant, and even the dear zealous scribes and Pharisees are G-d’s servants who deliberate, and advise on the Law of Moses (ref. Matthew 23:1-3).

With this, in the holy book of Isaiah, every time the Scriptures mention the word ‘servant’ or ‘Israel’ – they are not necessarily speaking of the same ‘servant’ in each chapter, or instance.

With this, when the Scriptures say that ‘Israel’ is G-d’s ‘servant’ – the use of the word ‘Israel’ is not always meant to be taken in a plural sense as referring to the ‘nation of Israel’.

Rather, as per the Torah, the name ‘Israel’ is used in a singular sense to refer to ‘one man’, as well as the plural sense – in select instances.

Here is an example of ‘Israel’ being used in the singular to refer to one man;

‘…Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.’
(Genesis 35:10 KJV)

And, here is an example of ‘Israel’ being used in a plural sense, referring to the nation;

“Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.
Deuteronomy 6:4 ESV

 We will now review some key instances from the book of Isaiah, where both ‘Israel’ and ‘servant’ will refer to either a nation (plural), one man being the Messiah (Christ) (singular). 

Here is the brief summary of the subject verses that are covered here in this article, in advance;

Isaiah 41:8-9 – Nation (plural).
Isaiah 43:10 – Nation (plural).
Isaiah 44:1-2 – Both. Nation (plural), and Messianic (Christ) (singular).
Isaiah 44:21 – Nation (plural).
Isaiah 45:4 – Nation (plural).
Isaiah 48:20 – Nation (plural).
Isaiah 49:3 –  Messiah (Christ) (singular).
Isaiah 49:5 – included in Isaiah 49:3 explanation.
Isaiah 49:8 & 42:6 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).
Isaiah 53:10 & 53:11 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

 

Isaiah 41:8-9 – Nation (plural).

“But you, Israel, My servant,
Jacob whom I have chosen,
Descendant of Abraham My friend,
You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth,
And called from its remotest parts
And said to you, ‘You are My servant,
I have chosen you and not rejected you.
Isaiah 41:8-9 NASB

These instances of ‘servant’, ‘Israel’, and ‘Jacob’ – by interpretation, refer to the literal nation if Israel (plural).

Why? In verse 14, it states plurality when it says ‘men’;

‘…thou worm Jacob… men of Israel…’.
(Isaiah 41:14)

Isaiah 43:10 – Nation (plural).

“You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD,
“And My servant whom I have chosen,
So that you may know and believe Me
And understand that I am He.
Before Me there was no God formed,
And there will be none after Me.
Isaiah 43:10 NASB

The next verse (v.12) confirms that this passage is using ‘servant’ (v.10) in the plural sense, when it says;

‘…you are My witnesses…’
(Isaiah 43:12 NASB)

Further, it then says the; 

Thy first father hath sinned…’
(Isaiah 43:27 KJV)

As the risen King Messiah’s ‘first Father’ is G-d, and the Holy G-d is perfect and has never sinned – this may also be used as support to confirm Isaiah 43:10’s use of ‘servant’ refers to the nation of Israel (plural), and not one man, the Messiah (Christ) (singular).

 

Isaiah 44:1-2 – Both; Nation (plural) and Messianic (singular)

There are a number of interpretations in this instance, and here two are submitted transparently.

First, let us read the subject passage;

“But now hear, O Jacob my servant,
    Israel whom I have chosen!
Thus says the LORD who made you,
    who formed you from the womb and will help you:
Fear not, O Jacob my servant,
    Jeshurun whom I have chosen.
Isaiah 44:1-2 ESV

The Nation (plural) interpretation

In Isaiah chapter 44, the nation (plural) interpretation is the ‘easiest’ interpretation to explain the entire chapter’s use of ‘servant’ and ‘Israel’, in a one-size-fits-all ‘blanket-type’ approach.

In verse 8, it says;

‘…And you are my witnesses!…’
(Isaiah 44:8 ESV)

The word ‘witnesses‘ in verse 8, demonstrates the plurality for verses 1-2’s use of the words ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’.

Holding to this plural interpretation in this instance, we will then later see that verse 21 is also interpreted in a nation (plural) way – when ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’ appear in the text.

 

The Messianic (singular) interpretation;

This Messianic (singular) interpretation for the words ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’ pertain to Isaiah 44:1-5.

Other instances of these words later on in Isaiah chapter 44, then are referring to the nation (plural).

In verse 3 we read;

‘…on your descendants…’
(Isaiah 44:3 ESV)

In this singular interpretation, the use of the word ‘descendants’ is not literal, though is speaking in the sense of the ‘Messiah’s successful mission here on earth, which allows “…many to be accounted righteous…” (Isaiah 53:11 ESV), and thus ‘…born again.’ (John 3:3).

It is in this way that a believer becomes ‘born again’ by believing in Messiah (in Christ), that the Messiah is referred to as having ‘children’, in the Gospel – even though he is not the Father;

The Son of Manwisdom is proved right by all her children.”’
(Luke 7:34-35 NIV)’

Isaiah 44:5 then speaks of these ‘descendants’ (children) as being all who believe in the risen King Messiah (Christ), both Jews and Gentiles (respectively) – when it says;

This one will say, ‘I am the LORD’sanother will call on the name of Jacob, and another will write on his hand, ‘The LORD’s,’ and name himself by the name of Israel.”’
(Isaiah 44:5 ESV)

^ This is speaking of both Jews and Gentiles, who have received the new heart of flesh, and G-d’s Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) within them (Ezekiel 36:26-27) – by believing in Christ (Messiah), G-d’s righteous servant who was given;

…as a covenant to the people…’
(Isaiah 42:6 ESV)

More specifically,

‘…a new covenant…’
(Jeremiah 31:31 KJV)

in order to make

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’ 
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV).

This ‘new covenant’ is explained in more detail when Isaiah 42:6 is explained a little later on, in this article.

For this interpretation, the verses from Isaiah 44:6 onwards in this chapter, then address and refer to the nation of Israel (plural), when speaking of the ‘servant’ ‘Israel’.

 

Isaiah 44:21 – Nation (plural).

“Remember these things, O Jacob,
And Israel, for you are My servant;
I have formed you, you are My servant,
O Israel, you will not be forgotten by Me.
Isaiah 44:21 NASB

Why is it plural in this instance? Because in verse 22 it then speaks of this ‘servant’s’ ‘transgressions’ and ‘sins’;

“I have wiped out your transgressionsAnd your sins…’
(Isaiah 44:22 NASB)

In context, and for our reference – Ecclesiastes 7:20 states that all men born of fallen man’s seed sadly sin here;

For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV

And this is also further concrete evidence and support as to why the ‘servant’ mentioned later in Isaiah 53, differs to the servant mentioned in Isaiah 44:21 – as, the righteous servant of Isaiah 53 has never sinned, it says;

’…he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.’
(Isaiah 53:9 KJV).

Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.
Hebrews 13:18 NIV

amongst other Scripture on the matter.

 

Isaiah 45:4 – Nation (plural).

For the sake of my servant Jacob,
    and Israel my chosen,
I call you by your name,
    I name you, though you do not know me.
Isaiah 45:4 ESV

Here, ‘Israel’, ‘Jacob’, and ‘servant’ are referring to the nation of Israel (plural), and not one man, being the Messiah (Christ) in this instance.

Why, and howso? In verse 5 it then says;

‘…you do not know me.’.
(Isaiah 45:5 ESV).

 It is confirmed in Holy Scripture, that the majority (plural), do not truly know G-d;

‘…”You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied.’
(John 8:19 NIV)

This might further assists us in understanding that Isaiah 45:4 is using ‘servant’ in it’s plural sense – as the risen King Messiah (Christ), does know G-d when it says;

‘…no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.’
(Matthew 11:27 NIV)

The risen King Messiah (Christ) is in G-d’s presence – at His, blessed be He, right hand;

‘The LORD [G-d] said unto my Lord [Christ], Sit thou at my right hand…’
(Psalm 110:1 KJV [with explanation in brackets, in blue])

and,

Thy throne, O god [Christ], is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore god [Christ], thy God [the Creator], hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalm 45:6-7
[KJV amended, with explanation in brackets, in blue])
(little ‘g’ denotes a created being, see article ‘John 1:1 explained…’ here).

 

Isaiah 48:20 – Nation (plural).

Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it out to the end of the earth;
    say, “The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
Isaiah 48:20 ESV

This prophetic verse is using the words ‘servant’, and ‘Jacob’, in a plural sense.

Why? As, in the next verse (v.21) it refers to the nation of Israel’s Exodus from Egypt, whilst referring to the ‘servant Jacob’ of v.20;

They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split the rock and the water gushed out.
Isaiah 48:21 ESV.

 

Isaiah 49:3 –  Messiah (Christ) (singular).

3 And he said to me, “You are my servant,
    Israel, in whom I will be glorified.”

5
And now the LORD says,

    he who formed me from the womb to be his servant,
to bring Jacob back to him;
    and that Israel might be gathered to him—
for I am honored in the eyes of the LORD,
    and my God has become my strength—
Isaiah 49:3, 49:5 ESV

This chapter nears the Messianic chapter of Isaiah 53.

Isaiah chapter 49 verses 3 and 5 are to be read together, as there is a prophetic riddle here that many have sadly ‘stumbled’ over;

The first instance of ‘Israel’ (v.3) and also the two instances of ‘servant‘ (v.3, v.5) – actually represent one man (being Christ (singular)), and not a nation.
 Whereas the instance of ‘Jacob‘ (v.5), and the second instance of ‘Israel‘ (v.5) – both refer to the nation of Israel (plural).

The explanation for Isaiah 49:3 may be found explained in the article ‘Isaiah 49:3 – one man, not a nation…’ here, in more detail.

If Isaiah 49:3 is read in the incorrect way – being that,

“‘a fallen nation (plural)’ was to bring ‘a fallen nation (plural)’ back to the Holy G-d…”

as opposed to the correct interpretation,

“‘The perfect man (Christ) (singular)’ has brought back ‘a fallen nation (plural)’ to the Holy G-d…”

– the initial, incorrect interpretation would have been a very very difficult [impossible] thing to accomplish, and not a ‘light thing’;

In verse 6 the correct (singular) interpretation is further supported, in that it was a ‘light thing’ for the King Messiah (Christ) (singular), to fulfill his mission – which was to enact the ‘new covenant’ (ref. Isaiah 42:6, Jeremiah 31:31), which G-d had sent, given, and raised His Son, for;

‘…It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob…’
(Isaiah 49:6 KJV)

Christ accomplished this enacting of the New Covenant by fulfilling (observing) all of Torah Law perfectly, having never sinned even in a body of flesh, not even once.
 This item is explained in greater detail, to an extent, in an article entitled ‘Matthew 5:17 – What does it mean to ‘fulfill’ the Law?’.

^This correct singular interpretation of Isaiah 49:6 re: a ‘light thing’, assists us in understanding the riddle of Isaiah 49:3 for the words ‘Israel’ and ‘servant’ – as verse 6 further confirms the victorious, and sinless, life of the risen King Moshiach (Christ).
 This in turn leaves the ‘Israel’, and ‘Jacob’ of Isaiah 49:5, asthen referring to be fallen men whom the righteous servant (Christ) was sent to bring back to G-d.

When Christ (Messiah) was first in heaven, at his beginning before coming to earth – he was originally in the form of a powerful god (see ‘John 1:1-3 explained; There is no ‘trinity’.’).

He then;

‘…humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross….’
(Philippians 2:8 ESV)

^meaning; ‘it was a “light thing” for a completely righteous, powerful spirit, to be sent from heaven, and observe (fulfill) all of the Law, and fulfil the Prophets – even to his obedient death which was followed by his resurrection;

‘…he was cut off out of the land of the living…’
(Isaiah 53:8 KJV).

The righteous servant (singular), inturn makes;

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)

‘…by his knowledge…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV),

as he,

‘…makes intercession for the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12 ESV).

 Perhaps lastly here for now, in Isaiah 49:4 (the verse between our two subject verses 3 & 5) also assists us with the correct interpretation, when it says;

‘…But I said, “I have labored in vain;
I have spent my strength for nothing and vanity…’
(Isaiah 49:4 ESV)

 This further assists us as support, in that Isaiah 49:3 is speaking of the King Messiah (Christ) when it features the words ‘Israel’ and ‘servant’, in a singular sense.

How so? Verse 4 is speaking with regard to the famous words that the King Messiah (Christ) recited whilst being crucified, as recorded in Matthew 27:46 – and this may be found explained in greater detail in the article ‘Why did Christ say; ‘…my God my God, why have you forsaken me…’?’ here.

The briefly summarized context of the above mentioned article though, for reference is that;

“Despite his (Christ’s) sinless life, faithful and diligent observance of Torah Law, miracles performed, and great love for his people; many people, still sadly did not believe that he was the foretold King Messiah, at that particular time – hence the prophetic ‘…I have labored in vain…’ (Isaiah 49:4 ESV), ‘…”My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”…’ (Matthew 27:46 NIV / Psalm 22:1), as ‘He was amazed at their lack of faith….’ (Mark 6:6 NIV).”.

 This all goes toward showing us that Isaiah 49:3’s ‘Israel’ and ‘servant’, and also verse 5’s instance of ‘servant’ – are to be read in a singular sense; they are speaking of the one sinless man, the risen Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach).

In verse 5, the balance of the prophetic riddle is then cleared up for us, in that these later instances of the words ‘Jacob’, and ‘Israel’ are them referring to the fallen (as all men born of fallen man’s seed are here), though, zealous nation of Israel (plural).


Isaiah 49:5 –

Kindly see the combined explanation for Isaiah 49:3 and 49:5 (above).

 

Isaiah 49:8 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

Isaiah chapter 49 then continues with a singular context in verse 8, confirming that verse 3 is indeed speaking of one man (where it was cryptically referring to the Messiah, as ‘Israel’ and the ‘servant’ – in a singular sense).

In verse 8, it says that G-d will ‘give’ the servant (singular) as a covenant to the ‘people’ (plural);

‘…I will keep you and give you as a covenant to the people…’
(Isaiah 49:8 ESV)

 Further, in the next verse (v.9), it then speaks of;

‘…prisoners…’
(Isaiah 49:9 ESV/KJV)

This mention of ‘prisoners’, is relating to the ‘…bonds…’ and ‘…covenant with death…’ (Isaiah 28:22 ESV, 28:18 KJV, respectively) – which pertain to the ‘scoffers’ (Isaiah 28:14 ESV) who do not ‘…believes…’ in the ‘…corner stone…’ (Isaiah 28:16).

It is confirmed in written Holy Scripture that the risen King Messiah (Christ) is this ‘corner stone’; 

‘… Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone…’
(Ephesians 2:20 KJV)

whom is to be believed in by those who observe G-d’s rules;

‘…You believe in God; believe also in me.
(John 14:1 NIV).

And obey the voice of G-d’s servant;

Who among you fears the LORD
    and obeys the voice of his servant?…’
(Isaiah 50:10 ESV)

As per the commandment and statute of G-d in the Torah;

‘…whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.’
(Deuteronomy 18:19 KJV);

and in the Prophets;

‘…‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’…
Then your covenant with death will be annulled…’
(Isaiah 28:16, 28:18 ESV)

And confirmed in the New Testament (Brit Chadasha) – amongst other places;

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:16 KJV.

 

Isaiah 42:6 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

 Isaiah 42:6 also speaks of this same righteous ‘servant’ (singular) as Isaiah 49:8 does.

This righteous servant (Christ), is again confirmed to have been given as a ‘covenant’ for the ‘people’ (plural);

‘…I will give you as a covenant for the people…’
(Isaiah 42:6 ESV).

This ‘covenant’ is also referred to as the;

‘…new covenant…’
(Jeremiah 31:31),

and this ‘new covenant’, is the legal mechanism that the Holy G-d has prescribed to redeem His people; through His righteous servant (Christ) – whom makes;

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)

-when one believes in him (the servant, whom has been given as a ‘…covenant for the people…’ (Isaiah 42:6 ESV).

An article which describes this ‘righteousness by faith’ for a believer, to an extent, in a more detailed article on the matter, entitled ‘Matthew 5:17 – What does it mean to ‘fulfill’ the Law?’ – may be read here.

This ‘new covenant’ consists of, and allows a believer in Messiah (in Christ) to receive the following;

and,

 

Isaiah 53:10 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Isaiah 53:10 KJV

How do we know that the ‘servant‘ of Isaiah 53, is speaking in a singular sense, and thus is referring to the risen King Messiah (Christ)?

The above explanations for Isaiah 49:3 and 49:5, 42:6 and 49:8 – have provided the singular context for the ‘servant’ who is spoken of throughout Isaiah chapter 53.

One will also find that throughout chapter 53, the constant theme of ‘one (Christ) living for the many (people)’ is consistent e.g.;

‘…he was wounded for our transgressions…’
(Isaiah 53:5 KJV)

‘…he… makes intercession for the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12 ESV).

 Again, another valid citing here is that all men born of fallen man’s seed here, sadly sin (ref. Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV) – however, in Isaiah 53:9 it confirms that the suffering, righteous servant in this chapter – who is Christ, has never sinned, when it says;

‘…he practised no violence…’
(Isaiah 53:9).

 Further, Isaiah 53:10 confirms that the risen Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach) literally does not have a biological human father – as you may have already read in the famous Virgin Mary birth account, which is found in the New Testament (Brit Chadasha).

Isaiah 53:10 does this in a literal way by stating that the servant (Messiah) is the literal Son (offspring/seed) of the Living G-d – right before it speaks of when G-d had raised His Son from the dead.

Here is part Isaiah 53:10 with the explanation in brackets;

‘…He [G-d] shall see His seed [His Son (Christ)], He [G-d] shall prolong his days [‘prolong his days’; ‘raise His Son from the dead’ – speaking of when the Holy G-d raised Christ from the dead)]…’
(Isaiah 53:10 [with explanation in brackets in blue]).

 

Isaiah 53:11 – Messiah (Christ) (singular).

With Isaiah chapters 49 and 53 explained thus far, the context for verse 11, here, should now be clear;

Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied;
by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant,
    make many to be accounted righteous,
    and he shall bear their iniquities.
Isaiah 53:11 ESV

The context of Isaiah 53:11, is with regard to one man (singular) making;

‘…many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV).

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase – in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Why did Christ say; ‘…my God my God, why have you forsaken me…’?

(Matthew 27:46, Psalm 22:1, Isaiah 49:4, explained)


Biblical copyright disclaimers;

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

“Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”


Why did Christ say;
‘…my God my God, why have you forsaken me…’?

(Matthew 27:46, Psalm 22:1, Isaiah 49:4, explained)

When the risen King Messiah (Christ) was crucified, some of his very last words were;

‘…”My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”…’
(Matthew 27:46 NIV)

These words are actually a reciting of part Psalm 22:1, and this verse has sadly been incorrectly interpreted by some who say ‘this shows us the Lord Christ (Messiah) is publicly admitting that he had failed in his mission on earth’, and thus these people in turn mistakenly conclude that the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach) thus cannot be the Messiah.

The fuller scope of Scripture actually shows that such an interpretation is not correct, and has been submitted out of context.

Isaiah 49:4 is key here, and assists in shedding light on the context of these last words that the King Messiah had spoken whilst in a body of flesh, prior to dying there, and later being resurrected – it says;

‘…But I said, “I have labored in vain;
I have spent my strength for nothing and vanity…’
(Isaiah 49:4 ESV)

This assists us greatly with understanding the context of the famous reciting of part Psalm 22:1, which is found in Matthew 27:46.

This means that the risen King Messiah was amazed that, despite his sinless life, observing Torah Law faithfully and diligently without error, and despite his love for the people, and the miracles that he had performed in front of their very eyes – many still did not believe that he was the Messiah that G-d had sent, at that time.

It says,

‘…it was out of envy that they had delivered him up.’
(Matthew 27:18 ESV)

Pilate said to them, “Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?” They all said, “Let him be crucified!” 23 And he said, “Why? What evil has he done?” But they shouted all the more, “Let him be crucified!”
Matthew 27:22-23 ESV

‘He was amazed at their lack of faith….’
(Mark 6:6 NIV)

 In brief summary, the saying found in Matthew 27:46 (‘…why have You forsaken me?…’), is by no means failure of fulfilling Scripture and prophecy – quite the opposite, Isaiah 49:4 is thus confirmed fulfilled, as this is a deep yearning for all his people be saved;

‘Jesus wept…’
(John 11:35 KJV)

May the 

‘…few…’
(Matthew 7:14 NASB)

be

‘…many…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase – in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

 
 
 

Copyright disclaimers;

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Galatians 3:24 – ‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’, explained.


Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


Galatians 3:24 –
‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’
explained.

Galatians 3:24 reads as follows;

Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.
Galatians 3:24 NASB

A great number of dear people have currently, and sadly inherited the incorrect interpretation of Galatians 3:24.

The portion of this verse that is often recited out of context, most is;

‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’,
(Galatians 3:24 NASB)

A dear though mistaken person, might currently say that this verse is thus saying something along the lines of;

‘… the Law of Moses (Torah) was simply a thing to observe until Christ came to complete his mission on the earth…’

^ Civilly, such an interpretation is incorrect, and let us know understand why.

Firstly, one should note that in no place does the verse state that the Law of Moses has been abolished, when it says ‘…the Law… our tutor to lead us to Christ…’.
 Rather, this well known phrase is actually the lead-up to the core context of the verse, and the core context of the verse, is located toward the end of it – when it says;

Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.
Galatians 3:24 NASB

^ This means that the verse is thus speaking on the matter of ‘justification by faith’, and as we will continue to see, is not stating that the Law of Moses has been abolished.

Verse 11 confirms context for us again, when it says;

11 Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.”
Galatians 3:11 ESV

And in verse 10, this is explained even further for us;

10 For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”
Galatians 3:10 ESV

^ When it says ‘…all who rely on works of the law…’, this is speaking of a person who is counting on their own merit and good deeds to be declared righteous before the Holy G-d. Such a ‘works-based’ approach is also referred to in verse 23 as seeking to be ‘under the law’;

23 Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.
Galatians 3:23 ESV

If one rely’s solely on their good deeds of Torah Law to be justified, Galatians 3:10 (above) says that such a person is ‘cursed’ – why is this? Here, it is referencing the Torah when it states;

Cursed is anyone who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out.” Then all the people shall say, “Amen!”
Deuteronomy 27:27 NIV

^ A person who relies on the law to be justified without believing in Messiah (Christ) is ‘cursed’ because no man born of fallen man’s seed can do what the Holy G-d commands, and the command is to observe ‘all‘ of it;

‘…do all his commandments…’
(Deuteronomy 28:1 ESV)

‘…do all his commandments and his statutes…’
(Deuteronomy 28:15 ESV).

Fallen man simply cannot observe all of Torah Law here without sinning (ref. Ecclesiastes 7:20 KJV). The Law of Moses then goes on and literally states what the punishment for breaking the Law is;

‘…curses shall come upon you and overtake you.’
(Deuteronomy 28:15 ESV)

 Furthermore, and briefly, when in Galatians 3:23 it says;

‘…we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.
(Galatians 3:23 ESV)

^ This is referring to fallen man being ‘imprisoned’ and in slavery to their sinful desires (ref. Romans 6:20) , and therefore is highlighting the need for a person to be set ‘free’ from such carnal slavery – by receiving G-d’s Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) within them, and a ‘new’ heart (ref. Ezekiel 36:26-27), and become ‘new’ in Christ (ref. 2 Corinthians 5:17 KJV) – hence the term ‘born again’ (ref. John 3:3).
 This ‘new’ spiritual state allows a person to ‘put to death’ the carnal trappings of the flesh (ref. Romans 8:13 ESV), if G-d wills, by His Holy Spirit.
 For brevity’s sake, this ‘imprisoned’ component for Galatians 3:23 will conclude here.

With this, Galatians 3:24 is communicating to us that one’s approach to observing the Law of Moses, should be as per the example of faithful Abraham – as provided in the Law of Moses and as also referred to in Galatians 3:6;

And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Genesis 15:6 KJV 

Even so Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
Galatians 3:6 NASB

^ Here we see that Abraham believed G-d, and then G-d counted Abraham’s faith as righteousness to him – whilst he was uncircumcised.

Abraham then went and upheld G-d’s commandment (e.g. circumcision [Genesis 17:26]) without relying, or being under G-d’s Law to be justified.

With his faith, righteous Abraham went and continues to observe G-d’s Law, because;

‘…the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.’
(Romans 7:12 KJV) 

 This pleasing faithful approach is the way of the L-RD G-d, and is also thus confirmed for us in the New Testament (Brit Chadasha);

For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
Romans 3:28 ESV

and with this faith in Messiah (in Christ);

Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
Romans 3:31 ESV

‘…we uphold the Torah.
(Kehillah in Rome 3:31 OJB)

Hence the examples of faithful Abraham are cited again;

‘He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised….’
(Romans 4:11 ESV)  

and,

You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did.
James 2:22 NIV

 In brief summary, with regard to Galatians 3:24 we see that correct context cannot be arrived at easily by only quoting the first portion of the verse. Rather, when read in it’s entirety; we see that the verse is showing us that one is justified by faith in the risen Christ (Messiah), and is not declared righteous by their good deeds alone – as;

‘…the righteous will live by his faith.’
(Habakkuk 2:4 NASB)

and now that we have the context – at the same time;

‘…faith without works is dead…’
(James 2:26 KJV)

May the Holy G-d of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; bless you, with a beyond maximum increase – in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Omayn (Amen).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”