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Peaceable chapter explanation demonstrating Satan’s (Lucifer’s) literal judgement and destruction, by placing key events in chronological order.
■ Ezekiel 28:18-19 address the literal judgement and destruction of Satan (Lucifer).
■ The timing of this chapter is unique.
If the chapter was in strict chronological order with regard to Satan’s demise – it would be:
v12-16 fall from heaven, v17 sheol, v8-10 inserted as also sheol, v18-19 judgement and literal destruction at Armageddon.
• Verses 8-10 especially deal with Satan in the underworld (pit/abyss/Sheol/Hades)
• Verses 12-16 then speak of the time before Satan was put into Sheol (Hades), as a prologue.
• Verse 17 then looks to resume at his time in Sheol as verses 8-10 had spoken on.
• Verses 18-19 then speak of his literal destruction, which was at the time of Armageddon.
King James Version
1 The word of the Lord came again unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord God; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:
Ezekiel 28:1-10 (8-10 especially) deal with satan on the earth as it addresses him as ‘prince’ of Tyrus (v1).
Later, Ezekiel addresses him as ‘king’ of Tyrus, and this demonstrates when he was in heaven on the mountain of G-d (v12-v16), before his fall to this earth.
3 Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
4 With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:
5 By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:
6 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God;
7 Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness.
8 They shall bring thee down to the pit, and thou shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in the midst of the seas.
9 Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee, I am God? but thou shalt be a man, and no God, in the hand of him that slayeth thee.
10 Thou shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God.
Verses 8-10, deal with his time in sheol – that is what the death of the uncircumcised (people) refers to; the pit/sheol/hades (the underworld).
It calls him a man here, and in Isaiah 14:10 it links with what we are reading here (with regard to placement and time) – when it says ‘…you have become weak like us…’, i.e. like a man.
11 Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord God; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
In Ezekiel 28:11-16, we are now reading the ‘prologue’ which is Satan’s fall from the mountain of G-d in heaven, and this happened before he was thrown into Sheol (Hades) in verses 8-10.
13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.
Verse 17 looks to touch upon his time in Sheol, as verses 8-10 had spoken of – with ‘…cast to the ground…’ being a similar reference to Isaiah 14:12’s ‘…cut down to the ground…’.
This is where Satan is found in Sheol (Isa 14:15) by his previous followers (Isa 14:10) who are also in Sheol.
These are those whom he gathered when he was not in Sheol, when he was trying to ascend above the stars (angels) of heaven on the mountain of assembly in heaven, in the far reaches of the north (Isa 14:13) – a position of authority; as this is where the stones (angels) of fire (judgement) are (Ezekiel 28:14).
***Alternate explanation on time placement of Ezekiel 28:17:
If Ezekiel 28:17 does not refer to Satan’s time in sheol; it refers to a time on earth after the heaven banishment, then sheol, up until verse 18 which speaks of time on earth and then his destruction (literal, which agrees with Revelation 18:2, 18:8, 20:10, Ezekiel 26:14, 26:17, 26:21, 32:4-9).
This is said if Isaiah 14:11 would simply be refering to his humiliation only – as it says his ‘pride’ was brought to the lowest parts (sheol). Isaiah 14:12 then says his actual person was cut down to the ground, which would then be referring to this earth. It would be only after then later in 14:15 that we see he is brought down to Sheol – only to be cast away (out) later in 14:19.
This alternate is put here as it is known that when he was in heaven, Satan could go …to and fro… on the earth, and then report back to the Lord GOD; he could be accounted for as having access to heaven in (Job 1:6-8).****
18 Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
19 All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more.
The passage ends with Satan’s literal destruction and end – when it says;
‘…fire… it consumed you, and I turned you to ashes on the earth in the sight of all who saw you…. you have come to a dreadful end and shall be no more forever.”
(Ezekiel 28:18-19 ESV)
This agrees with Isaiah 14:20’s:
‘You will not be joined with them in burial…’
(Isaiah 14:20 ESV)
[Explanation: you will not be in existence with them, when they are sent back to this earth (in a lake of fire and/or sulfur judgement), the second death where people are described as already dead (Ezekiel 32:22-30, Luke 9:60)].
These refer to the spiritual judgement (fire) of Armageddon (Revelation 20:9-10), where fallen spiritual creatures worthy of such a punishment literally evaporated and ceased existing on judgement.
We see this in Revelation 18:2, where spirit creatures who took refuge in the fallen satan go fall down to the ground with him, in the fire of Armageddon (Revelation 18:8, Revelation 19:20. 20:10, Mtt 25:31-32).
Matthew 25:41 explains that the fire is the same fire mankind go to – the lake of fire; ‘a judgement status in this earth’ – however, mankind are made of flesh and ‘reincarnate’ back above to the new earth (the land of the living (Psalm 27:13, Isa 65:20) after their existence here.
This more clearly expounds on and clarifies another chapter in Ezekiel 32:31-32 on how the ‘dead’ body of ‘Pharoah’ (Satan) was ‘…laid to rest…’ is to be percieved; as a pile of ‘ashes’, much like that of a burned up fallen city which is used to symbolise him in Revelation 18:2, 18:8.
20 Again the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,
21 Son of man, set thy face against Zidon, and prophesy against it,
22 And say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the midst of thee: and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall have executed judgments in her, and shall be sanctified in her.
23 For I will send into her pestilence, and blood into her streets; and the wounded shall be judged in the midst of her by the sword upon her on every side; and they shall know that I am the Lord.
24 And there shall be no more a pricking brier unto the house of Israel, nor any grieving thorn of all that are round about them, that despised them; and they shall know that I am the Lord God.
25 Thus saith the Lord God; When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the heathen, then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob.
26 And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I am the Lord their God.
*Note: Please excuse the lack of any capital letters (especially for the Name) in the KJV text here, this is a copy and paste issue which will ideally be rectified in due course.
Hoping it is fruitful with you.