Proving The Messiah (Jesus) Is King David’s Descendant – From The Torah (Definitive)

Biblical Translation Copyright disclaimers

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Brief Summary

A stumbling block with some, is the thought that ‘because Jesus has no biological human father, he therefore cannot be a descendant of king David and king Solomon – as the Scriptures say G-d instead performed a miracle, and Mary became pregnant.’

Here, how King Jesus (Yehoshua/Yeshua) is to be counted as a descendant through both king David and king Solomon, is shared.

What we will find is that despite both of the human parents of the Messiah (Christ) both coming through king David, and one also through king Solomon – the books of the Prophets and the Writings are consistently poetic, figurative, and spiritual in nature, therefore they must be interpreted accordingly;

The non-biological human father of the Messiah (Christ), is therefore the key marker to identifying the Messiah (Christ)- along with the marital link between both parents (Joseph and Mary).

With King Yehoshua (Jesus) having been physically born of Mary; Christ is inturn deemed a Jew.

With Christ (Messiah) being Joseph’s son by way of his mother and he marrying; this is where the poetic and figurative link to the prophets and the writings that speak of Messiah is made.

Contents

The Two Different Genealogies (Matthew 1, Luke 3)

The Tanakh (Old Testament) Never Really Intended The Messiah (Christ) To Have A Typical ‘Traditional’ Birth (Psalm 110:1, Matthew 22:42-46)

Mary Did Not Worry, Prophecy Can Be Poetic

Summary

The Two Different Genealogies (Matthew 1, Luke 3)

There are two genealogies given in the New Testament (Matthew 1, Luke 3:23-38).

The genealogy of Matthew 1 represents Joseph (Messiah’s non-biological human father), and shows us that he was biologically from both king David and king Solomon; Abraham -> Isaac -> Jacob -> Judah… -> Boaz -> Obed -> Jesse -> king David -> king Solomon (ref. Matthew 1:2, 1:5-6, 1:7).

Whereas the genealogy featured in Luke 3 represents the family history of Mary (Messiah’s biological mother), it shows us that she was from Abraham -> Isaac -> Jacob ->Judah… -> Boaz -> Obed -> Jesse -> king David -> Nathan (ref. Luke 3:31-32).

From these two different genealogies, we can see that either way, Mary was certainly from king David (as per Luke 3) – both by way of her own family history and also by way of marriage to her husband Joseph.

We know that halakhah (Jewish Law) states that a women joins her husband’s tribe when married.

With this, the following verse states that Mary registered with Joseph in Judea because he was of the house of king David (people would each register in their designated house);

‘…Joseph also went…to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.’
(Luke 2:4‭-‬5 NIV)

Briefly, here is an excerpt from the geneology of Joseph (Jesus’ non biological human father);

‘The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham: Jesse fathered David the king. David fathered Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon fathered Rehoboam,…
Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.
(Matthew 1:1‭, ‬1:6‭-‬7‭, ‬1:16 NASB2020)

The Tanakh (Old Testament) Never Really Intended The Messiah (Christ) To Have A Typical, ‘Traditional’ Birth (Psalm 110:1, Matthew 22:42-46)

Did you know that the Tanakh (Old Testament) never really intended Christ to be of a typical, ‘traditional’ birth – or even an actual ‘literal blood descendant of king David – by way of Messiah’s human father’?

This is actually a key fact, as without it Psalm 110:1 would be broken.

You see, in Psalm 110:1, king David actually calls the Messiah (Christ) his ‘master’/’lord’ – a title which a parent does not usually use when speaking of his own offspring;

The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”
Psalms 110:1 NIV

The New Testament (Brit Chadasha) answers the Psalm to this effect – expounding on the context of the Psalm in a riddle;

saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?”
They said to him, “The son of David.”
He said to them, “How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet”’?

If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?
And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.
Matthew 22:42‭-‬46 ESV

Here, the Messiah (Christ) is attached to and descended from the house of king David – however, Christ was not born of his human father Joseph’s seed (G-d put Christ into faithful Mary’s womb via way of miracle, and Mary was then married to Joseph).

Christ is thus both a descendant of king David by way of poetic, spiritual linkage – and at the same time, is superior to king David, being his lord, as per the Psalm and the New Testament’s (Brit Chadasha’s) explaining of it.

This answers and explains how the Tanakh (Old Testament) actually foretold and notified us, that the birth of the Messiah (Christ), and inturn his literal family link to the house of king David and also his son king Solomon – would not be typical, but very special.

This is said as a father does not address his son as his lord (superior).

Mary Did Not Worry, Prophecy Can Be Poetic.

Then a virgin, when the angel gave her the news that she would give birth to a son who would be of the house of David, Mary did not worry or ask the angel how Messiah (Christ) could possibly be of the house of King David – given that the baby would be conceived by way of miracle, and not by Joseph’s seed.

Joseph was her soon-to-be husband (Matthew 1:18-19), and is a descendant of king David and also of kind David’s son, king Solomon.

It says;

‘…the angel Gabriel was sent from God… to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. And the angel said to her,…
you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” And Mary said…
let it be to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.’
(Luke 1:26‭-‬27‭, ‬1:30‭-‬35‭, ‬1:38 ESV)

Mary was betrothed at the time of being pregnant by way of divine miracle from G-d just as the angel had foretold (Matthew 1:18-23).

This here is Messiah’s (Christ’s) link to the house of David – both by way of his non-biological father Joseph’s lineage, and also his faithful mother’s marriage to Joseph.

One therefore needs to interpret any prophetic passage from the Tanakh (Old Teatament) which may initially appear to state that the Messiah must be of the literal human seed of king David and also Solomon by way of a biological father – in a spiritual and figuratively linked way;

The prophets and the writings can often be metaphorical and poetic in nature, and this is therefore not an unreasonable approach.

The full scope of Holy Scripture is reconciled in this matter.

Summary

Prophecy is satisfied here.

Messianic genealogy requirements are met, by reconciling the often poetic and figurative Prophets and Writings as they were intended to be read and interpreted.

Christ is a decendant of the house of David.

Christ (Messiah) has thus been confirmed as linked to the house of David, and even king Solomon by way of his mother marrying his non-biological human father.

His mother who descended from king David, married Joseph – who descended from both of these two kings.

Any prophetic passage in the Tanakh (Old Testament) which states this criteria is a requirement for the Messiah (Christ) to meet (which it is) – has thus been satisfied, faithfully, whilst also acknowledging that the Prophets and the Writings can be highly poetic at metaphoric at times – such as Psalm 110:1 being answered by the New Testament (Matthew 22:42-46).

Hoping it is fruitful with you.

May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum, believing in His created, risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua/Yeshua HaMoshiach). Amen.

http://www.Christianity-in-Context.com
http://www.OrthodoxMessianicJudaism.com
http://www.FewWhoFindit.com

Bonus: Torah Law Confirms A Woman’s Tribal Status, Becomes The Same As Her Husbands, By Marriage.

Did you know that according to the Law of Moses (Torah), a women’s tribal status becomes that of her husband’s tribe – upon her being married to him;

• ref. Mishneh Torah, Seder Zeraim, Terumot, Chapter 6, 3 – par. ‘until the time she enters a chupah’
[link: https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/992032/jewish/Terumot-Chapter-6.htm#v3 ],

Rashi on Numbers 1:2
[link: https://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/9929/showrashi/true/jewish/Chapter-1.htm#v2 ].

The Example Found In Ruth confirms this; Did you know that king David’s great grandmother was Ruth, a Moabite woman?

Faithful Ruth was a foreigner who married Boaz (a Jew), and as a result of this; she was accounted as a native, like Rachael and Leah (Ruth 4:11).

From their marriage came their son Obed, who fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered King David (Ruth 4:10-13, 4:17).

Copyright disclaimers:

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. http://www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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