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Hebrews 10:5 references Psalm 40:6 – however, instead of saying ‘ear’ as the Psalm does, Hebrews says ‘body’.
Here the two verses are reconciled and explained in context to show that when Hebrews 10:5 says ‘body’, said body has the open ‘ear’ of Psalm 40:6.
Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me;
Hebrews 10:5 NIV
In sacrifice and offering you have not delighted, but you have given me an open ear. Burnt offering and sin offering you have not required.
Psalm 40:6 ESV
A body [with open, instructed, and obedient ears (ref. Psalm 40:6, Hebrews 10:5) that has knowledge of the Holy G-d and His commandments (Isaiah 50:4-5, 53:11), walked this earth without sin].
Expounding On The Explanation
As per the full scope of Holy Scripture, this man is the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua/Yeshua HaMoshiach).
His walk here was faithful and righteous (Isaiah 53:9), and thus more acceptable than sacrifice to G-d (Hosea 6:6, Proverbs 21:3).
His walk here was beyond faithful and righteous (Isaiah 53:9), and thus more acceptable than sacrifice to G-d (Hosea 6:6, Proverbs 21:3).
This is said as G-d desires that His people do not go on sinning and continually bringing animal sacrifices to as part of the forgiveness statute from Torah Law.
We know that this is the interpretation, as human sacrifice is forbidden by Torah Law (the law of Moses – ref. Deuteronomy 24:16, Ezekiel 18:20, 2 Chronicles 25:3-5), and that Christ was instead faithfully obedient to death (Isaiah 53:8) in order to become High Priest in the order of Melchizadek (Psalm 110:4, Matthew 28:18) upon being ressurected (Psalm 45:7) so that he could make intercession (pray) for sinners (Isaiah 53:12).
Note: In the New Testament where it says in Hebrews 10:5, ‘body‘ – as opposed to Psalm 40:6’s, ‘ear’, the context could also potentially be read as a metaphor;
‘A body of believer’s you have prepared and predestined (Romans 8:29-30) to obtain grace, and new hearts – leading them to cease their former lives of wanton sin, and instead walk in your ways (ref. Ezekiel 36:26-27, Hebrews 8:10-11, 2 Corinthians 5:17 KJV; Re: ‘new’).’
Some Supporting Verses:
For I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.
Hosea 6:6 ESV
To do righteousness and justice is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.
Proverbs 21:3 ESV
The Sovereign LORD has given me a well-instructed tongue, to know the word that sustains the weary. He wakens me morning by morning, wakens my ear to listen like one being instructed. The Sovereign LORD has opened my ears; I have not been rebellious, I have not turned away.
Isaiah 50:4-5 NIV
‘…he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous…’
(Isaiah 53:11 ESV)
Hoping it and the week ahead is fruitful.
May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen.
Very kind regards,