Hebrews 8:13 Explained: ‘…a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.’

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Brief Summary

The following explanation is intended to share how Hebrews 8:13 in no way says that a believer in Christ (Messiah) no longer observes the law of Moses.

Rather, in context we will see that it speaks of something else.

The word ‘covenant’ here refers to the way a person is to be found righteous.

A believer under the new covenant (Jeremiah 31:31, Isaiah 42:6, 49:8) is justified and ultimately saved by grace (Isaiah 53:11-12, Ephesians 2:8-9).

This grace means everlasting life without end, at ressurection (Isaiah 28:16, 28:18, 53:11-12).

A person is thus no longer destined for judgement under the old covenant and liable to eventually perish (Isaiah 28:22).

With this faith, a believer observes the Law of Moses (Torah);

Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
Romans 3:31 ESV

In summary we will see that for a believer, the old covenant of righteousness by deeds is exchanged for the new covenant of complete righteousness by grace through faith (Philippians 3:9, Ephesians 2:8-9) which ultimately leads to everlasting life without end at resurrection.


Begin

Hebrews 8:13

In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.
And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.
Hebrews 8:13 ESV

Part A Explained

The verse will now be explained sentence, by sentence;

‘In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete…’
(Hebrews 8:13 ESV)

Explanation: If a person believes in Christ, G-d makes the mosaic covenant obsolete for that person – but in what sense?

The word ‘covenant’ here refers to the way a person is to be found righteous.

It thus inturn refers to the blessings and curses of the Mosaic covenant, which depend on a person either observing all, or not observing all commandments (‘…keep all my commands always…’ ref. Deuteronomy 5:29 NIV) – which are found in places such as Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28.

We know that no person born of fallen man’s seed is not able to observe all the Law without failing, thus the saving grace which comes with the new covenant is what even the most faithful, righteous disciples are recorded as believing for, in Holy Scripture (Acts 15:10-11).

The old covenant is thus obsolete for a believer, as they are now blessed in the new covenant – which ultimately means everlasting life without end upon resurrection (Isaiah 28:16, 28:18, Eph 2:20), amongst other blessings.

Such a person is no longer under the law for righteousness, rather they are accounted as righteous due to their faith, and with this they uphold the law of Moses.

This is similar to the formula we see in Abraham’s walk (Genesis 15:6, Genesis 17:23, Romans 4:11);

‘And he received circumcision as a sign, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised…’
(Romans 4:11 NIV)

Unlike Abraham’s time, the statute found in Isaiah 28:16, 28:18 – which means everlasting life without end upon ressurection, was enacted when the new covenant was put in place, and this was at the time the Messiah (Christ), was given (‘died’), and then ressurected (Isaiah 42:6, 49:8, 53:10).

This is also likley why it says Abraham was looking forward to the arrival of Christ and seeing his walk completed here on this earth;

Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.”
John 8:56 NIV

Part B Explained

Now we will look at the second part of Hebrews 8:13;

‘…And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.
(Hebrews 8:13 ESV)

Explanation: For a believer, the old covenant of righteousness by deeds is exchanged for the new covenant of complete righteousness by faith which ultimately leads to everlasting life without end at resurrection.

When Was The New Covenant Put In Place?

The new covenant was made active and available, just as soon as Christ (Messiah) had walked the earth and was resurrected.

The death and resurection of Messiah (Christ) was where he was given to be the mediator (1 Timothy 2:5) for the new covenant (Isa 42:6, 49:8) – by becomming the High priest (Hebrews 2:17) in the order of Melchizadek (Psalm 45:7, 110:4) – between the Holy G-d and mankind.

We see evidence of the disciples recieving spiritual gifts (Acts 1), and the Gentiles recieving a heart for the commandments of God upon their believing just post Shavuot (Pentecost) in the Holy Scriptures (e.g. Acts 15:8, Romans 3:31, Ezekiel 36:26-27, 2 Corinthians 5:17) – and thus have moved from death (Old covenant (blessings and curses) which lead to eventual perishing (Ecc 7:20, James 2:10, Ezekiel 20:25), to [everlasting] life (1 John 3:14).

What Does This All Mean?

This verse shows us that a believer is declared righteous by grace through faith which is exclusive to the new covenant.

This means they are no longer under the curses of the law (Romans 8:1) as per the mosaic covenant – as we cannot do all the law (Acts 15:10-11, James 2:10).

Rather a believer upholds the law of Moses with their believing in G-d and Christ – the mediator/High priest in the order of Melchizadek (1 Timothy 2:5, Psalm 110:4).

A believer seeks saving, final grace (Acts 15:11), on the understanding standing that;

For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
Romans 3:28‭, ‬3:31 ESV

Saving final grace, means everlasting life without end at resurrection (Isaiah 28:16, 28:18), and not simply a potential long life in the new heavens and earth above, which involves evential death (Isaiah 65:20, IBN Ezra on Isaiah 65:20, Isaiah 28:22).

Hoping it is fruitful with you.

May the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen.

Very kind regards,

http://www.theGodofIsrael.com
http://www.FewWhoFindit.com
http://www.Christianity-in-Context.com
http://www.OrthodoxMessianicJudaism.com

Copyright disclaimers:

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

“Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. http://www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. http://www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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