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Question: ‘If the Old Testament is written in Hebrew, why is the New Testament written in Greek and not Hebrew?’
Short Answer: The New Testament (Brit Chadasha) was certainly written in languages native to Israel.
With this though, those who penned the Holy Scriptures were multilingual annointed, holy, Hebrew scribes (such as the apostle Paul) whom had to communicate the good news of everlasting life by believing in Messiah (Christ) not only to to Israel, but to the world outside of Israel;
(for He who was at work for Peter in his apostleship to the circumcised was at work for me also to the Gentiles),
Galatians 2:8 NASB2020.
If the apostle Paul’s ‘job’ was to share the Good News and the rest of the Holy Scriptures with the people of the nations (Gentiles, i.e. Greeks ref. Romans 15:15-16, Acts 15:7), then the faithfully observant Paul would need to be able to communicate very well with these people in both writing and verbally.
Briefly, Holy Scripture says that the apostle Paul;
• Is a Jewish man, of the tribe of Benjamin, and a Pharisee of Pharisees (Philippians 3:5)
• Spoke the Hebrew language, and also thus spoke other different language(s) such as Aramaic (ref. Acts 21:40)
• Lived in Israel, Turkey, and within the Rome empire etc.
He was raised in Jerusalem, and spent quite a bit of time in Greece sharing the Gospel and the rest of the Holy Scriptures with Greeks. (Acts 21:39, 22:3, 22:27 ESV)
• Penned Holy Scripture to believers in different areas/locations (such as the Galatians) with his own hand (Galatians 6:11)
Here are some nice reference verses to support all of the above;
‘…he was addressing them in the Hebrew language…’
(Acts 22:2 ESV)
‘…he said to them in Aramaic:’
(Acts 21:40 NIV)
So Paul, standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: “Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious.
Acts 17:22 ESV
‘“I am a Jew, born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up in this city…’
(Acts 22:3 ESV)
‘Paul replied, “I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no obscure city….’
(Acts 21:39 ESV)
The commander went to Paul and asked, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” “Yes, I am,” he answered.
Acts 22:27 NIV
See what large letters I use as I write to you with my own hand!
Galatians 6:11 NIV
Rumoured Physical Destruction Of Hebrew Manuscripts
It has been documented/rumoured that most/many of the Hebrew manuscripts were destroyed by those of an anti-Christ type stance.
This should be of no concern given the Holy Scriptures which show us that the Apostle Paul was annointed, multilingual, very well learned in Torah (Acts 22:3), and penned Holy Scripture with his own hand – even to those outside of Israel (Galatians 6:11).
In addition to this, other disciples and apostles had the task of sharing the good news with the dear Jews in Israel (Acts 15:2, Galatians 2:8). This means that they would have had to share the Gospel in Hebrew and any other popular languages within Israel’s borders aswell.
Timothy the disciple, whom assisted the faithful apostle Paul, had a mother who was a Jew, and his father was a Greek (Acts 16:1).
With his exposure to the Greek language, and his handling of ‘…the parchments…’ (2 Timothy 4:13) – this should be even more comforting to a person in relation to the question ‘Why is the New Testament written in Greek, and not Hebrew?’.
Hoping it is fruitful and may the Holy G-d bless you beyond maximum, believing in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen.