‘Unbelievers Judged By The Law Of Moses.’ And What Happens? – (Revelation 20:12-13, Romans 2:12-13)

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Introduction

The purpose of this explanation is to show that G-d judges all people, and that even non-believers are judged by what G-d has stated is good and bad in His Law, the Law of Moses (Torah).

This includes those who try to observe the Law of Moses, and also those who do not believe in Christ – and that is what this passage means;

All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law.
For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous.
Romans 2:12-13 NIV

Whether you are a dear Jew who is very schooled in G-d’s commandments, or a dear Gentile who is not schooled in G-d’s good commandments – a person’s deeds are weighed and determined as good or bad, when compared to what is written in God’s holy Law, the law of Moses. The law of Moses is also known as the Torah and features the famous Ten Commandments along with the rest of His good statutes.

Here’s a passage from the Torah, which shows that Gentiles (people of the nations) are penalised for doing deeds which have been defined as sins in the land. Israel is then being warned also – in that they are not to do the same, lest they be ejected from the land as well;

“Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants. But you shall keep my statutes and my rules and do none of these abominations, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you (for the people of the land, who were before you, did all of these abominations, so that the land became unclean), lest the land vomit you out when you make it unclean, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
Leviticus 18:24‭-‬28 ESV

We know that the commandments God has given, define what is good and bad for humans to observe and/or abstain from etc.

Overcoming sin is the challenge we (creation) all face;

‘…sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”‘
(Genesis 4:7 NIV)

The one who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son.
Revelation 21:7 NASB2020

It is with this that Revelation 20:12-13 is now lightly re-translated according to the Strong’s Concordance, and explained.

Revelation 20:12-13 Translated and Explained;

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books [the Law of Moses] were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written [G1125 usage; ‘it stands written (in the scriptures)…’, Exhaustive definition; ‘…describe…’; thus the rendering of; ‘described’] in the books, according [G2596; ‘against’; when compared] to their works [their good and bad deeds].

And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works
(Revelation 20:12-13 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])

What Do We Know So Far?

So far, to this point we know that after death, all peoples everywhere are judged by what they had done in their lifetime – good and bad deeds are all compared to God’s good rules (the Ten commandments and the rest, as per the the Law of Moses).

Exhortation To Unbelievers And The Outcome For Believers

A huge blessing for those who believe in Christ is that due to saving grace (Acts 15:11); they do not suffer condemnation;

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 8:1 KJV

The exhortation to all is that a person can continue to knock at the door, believing and repenting to G-d – as they seek the forgiveness of sins and everlasting life which is offered to those believing in Christ (Messiah).

A reader here will also be benefited with knowing that G-d desires all do rightly, and such conduct is defined in the Holy Scriptures (Romans 3:31 ESV, Leviticus 18:24-28).

Thus now even unbelievers have some surity as to what benchmarks we are to strive to meet and uphold, with this faith.

What Is The Outcome For a Person Who Does Not Believe?

The chief aim of the gospel is to let all people know that forgiveness of sins, a new heart with desire (Ezekiel 36:26-27), and everlasting life without end – are available to all who believe in Christ.

It says, that those who sadly do not believe in Christ [eventually] perish (die);

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:16 KJV

‘…a precious cornerstone… ‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’ Then your covenant with death… understand the message…. do not scoff, lest your bonds be made strong; for I have heard a decree of destruction…’
(Isaiah 28:16‭, ‬28:18‭-‬19‭, ‬28:22 ESV)

This fact should be a concern as everlasting life without end in the new heaven and new earth, upon ressurection, cannot be had at all without believing here on this earth, first.

So what happens to unbelievers or people whom are not born again here, after their judgement?

According to commentary on Holy Scripture, perhaps people live upto circa 1,000 years (give or take) in the new heaven and new earth that is above us (ref. IBN Ezra on Isaiah 65:20, Isaiah 65:17-20), and this is it’s right application.

This inturn means that an unbelieving person would eventually die (i.e. ‘perish’; John 3:16 KJV).

After this, said person is perhaps born back here on this old earth.

This means that they have the opportunity to ideally do better – and even believe the gospel for everlasting life without end.

Proof of such perhaps exists in Holy Scripture, for example;

When the faithful disciples asked Christ if the man had sinned before being born so that he was then inturn born blind – they were likley then of the belief that the man existed prior in the past.

And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
John 9:2‭-‬3 KJV

What is interesting to note here, is that just about every published translation reads the same.

Also, the Lord Jesus Christ does not seem to see error in their question, and thus does not correct them for asking it in such a way.

Instead, the king Messiah appears to answer in this instance, that the man was not born blind as the result of him sinning in a previous life. This, when read as it is, lends itself to such an interpretation of people being born back here, after they live a potential long life above in the new earth/heaven.

With this, the scribes and Pharisees were perhaps all of the belief that such a ‘reincarnation’-type doctrine is a literal truth with questions to John the Baptist like;

‘…who are you? Are you Elijah?’
(John 1:21 NIV)

Briefly, there is also perhaps another place that some unbelievers (sinners) can go after this life at judgement, and that is a direct, return trip back here (old earth);

Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.
Revelation 20:15 NIV

Such a judgement would be for a person whom may have not lived a pleasing life at all – their bad deeds, would be high, and their good deeds very, very low in comparison etc..

Upon returning back to this old earth, such a person’s circumstances might be greatly determined by their previous life’s bad deeds, and by what the verdict of the judgement is based on them.

We know that atleast two created beings dwell in this lake which is a haunt for every unclean spirit (ref. Revelation 18:2) – the devil/Satan/serpant/Bezzlebub and the false prophet that Revelation seems to speak on;

And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Revelation 20:10 NIV

Either way, unbelievers appear return to this old earth in one way or another; because even a potential long life, is limited, and naturally ends in dying (‘perishing’).

Brief Summary

The purpose of this explanation, is to promote the importance of a person seeking maximum blessings from God; everlasting life, complete forgiveness of sins and a new heart.

This is achieved by being found believing in God and in Christ (Messiah), repenting, being baptized (inmursed in water) – it will lead to the observance of the Law of Moses (Isaiah 50:10, John 14:1, Acts 3:19 NASB, Mark 16:16, Romans 3:28, 3:31). This is the core gospel message.

This never dying after ressurection, and then living in perfect circumstance without end – is intended to be seen as highly desirable when compared to the alternative; judgement, a potential long life above, dying (perishing), and then potentially having to exist again on this old earth here, where troubles and lawlessness are always increasing;

He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”
Revelation 21:4 ESV (also see Isaiah 65:17-18)

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
(Romans 8:1 KJV)

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach).  Amen (Omayn).

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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