‘Unbelievers Judged By The Law Of Moses.’ And What Happens After Death? – (Revelation 20:12-13, Romans 2:12-13)

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“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. May not copy or download more than 500 consecutive verses of the ESV Bible or more than one half of any book of the ESV Bible.”

“Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. www.Lockman.org

“Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™ “

The Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Brief Summary

The purpose of this explanation is to show that G-d judges all people, even non-believers, by what He has stated is good and bad in His Law, the Law of Moses (Torah).

Revelation 20:12-13 will be explained and lightly re-translated legally later for support, to show that this is the case.

A brief explanation of what believers and unbelievers can expect after death (judgement, a potential long life above, ‘reincarnation’ back to this old earth) – is also given, with references.

Table Of Contents

The Gentiles Were Punished By G-d For Sinful Deeds, Israel Were Warned Not To Imitate.

Revelation 20:12-13 Translated and Explained

Outcome For Believers

Outcome For a Person Who Does Not Believe?

Brief Summary

The Gentiles Were Punished By G-d For Sinful Deeds, Israel Were Warned Not To Imitate.

Whether you are a dear Jew who is very schooled in G-d’s commandments, or a dear Gentile who is not schooled in G-d’s good commandments – a person’s deeds are weighed and determined as good or bad, when they are compared to what is written in God’s holy Law, the law of Moses.

The law of Moses is also known as the Torah and features the famous Ten Commandments, along with the rest of His good statutes.

Here’s a passage from the Torah, which shows that Gentiles (people of the nations) are penalised for doing deeds which have been defined as sins.

Israel is then being warned also – in that they are not to do the same, lest they be ejected from the land as well – just like how the Gentiles were;

“Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants. But you shall keep my statutes and my rules and do none of these abominations, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you (for the people of the land, who were before you, did all of these abominations, so that the land became unclean), lest the land vomit you out when you make it unclean, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
Leviticus 18:24‭-‬28 ESV

We know that the commandments God has given, define what is good and bad for humans to observe and/or abstain from etc.

Overcoming sin is the challenge we (creation) all face;

‘…sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”‘
(Genesis 4:7 NIV)

The one who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son.
Revelation 21:7 NASB2020

For if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live.
Romans 8:13 NIV

It is with this that Revelation 20:12-13 (the subject passage for this explanation) is now lightly re-translated according to the Strong’s Concordance, and explained.

Revelation 20:12-13 Translated and Explained;

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books (the Law of Moses) were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were [described^] in the books, [against*] their works (their good and bad deeds).

And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works
(Revelation 20:12-13 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])

Notes:

^workings here are as follows; [G1125 usage; ‘it stands written (in the scriptures)…’, Exhaustive definition; ‘…describe…’; thus the rendering of; ‘described’]

*[G2596; ‘against’]

What Do We Know So Far?

So far, to this point we know that after death, all people everywhere are judged by what they have done in their lifetime.

Good and bad deeds are all compared to God’s good rules (the Ten commandments and the rest, as per the the Law of Moses).

Outcome For Believers

A huge blessing for those who believe in Christ is that due to saving grace (Acts 15:11) believers do not suffer condemnation;

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 8:1 KJV

Believers live forever (John 3:16, Isaiah 28:16. Eph 2:20), and the conditions are safe, peaceful – ideal (Isaiah 65:25, Revelation 21:4, 22:14).

Exhortation To All

The exhortation to all is that a person can continue to knock at the door, believing and repenting to G-d – as they seek the forgiveness of sins and everlasting life which is offered to those believing in Christ (Messiah).

G-d desires that all do rightly, and such desired good conduct is defined in the Holy Scriptures (Romans 3:31 ESV, Leviticus 18:24-28);

‘…God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.
(1 Timothy 2:3‭-‬4 NIV)

Now even unbelievers have surity as to what benchmarks we are to strive to meet and uphold, with this faith.

Outcome For a Person Who Does Not Believe?

First a disclaimer:

The chief aim of the gospel is to let all people know that forgiveness of sins, a new heart with desire to walk in G-d’s ways (Ezekiel 36:26-27), and everlasting life without end – are available to all who believe in Christ.

It says one of the most read verses in the bible, that those who sadly do not believe in Christ [eventually] perish (die);

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:16 KJV

We see this ‘perish[ing]’ being spoken of in the Old Testament (Tanakh);

‘…a precious cornerstone… ‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’ Then your covenant with death will be annulled… understand the message…. do not scoff, lest your bonds be made strong; for I have heard a decree of destruction…’
(Isaiah 28:16‭, ‬28:18‭-‬19‭, ‬28:22 ESV)

This fact should be a concern as everlasting life without end in the new heaven and new earth, upon ressurection, cannot be had at all without believing here on this earth, first.

Reincarnation For Those Who Do Not Believe?

So what happens to unbelievers or people whom are not born again here, after their judgement?

According to commentary on Holy Scripture, perhaps people live upto circa 1,000 years (give or take) in the new heaven and new earth that is above us (ref. IBN Ezra on Isaiah 65:20, Isaiah 65:17-20).

This inturn means that an unbelieving person would eventually die above also (i.e. ‘perish’; John 3:16 KJV).

After this, said unbelieving person is perhaps born back here on this old earth.

This means that they have the opportunity to ideally do better – and even believe the gospel for complete forgiveness of sins and everlasting life without end.

Proof of such perhaps exists in Holy Scripture.

When the faithful disciples asked Christ if the man had sinned before he was born so that he was then inturn born blind – they were likley then of the belief that the man existed prior in the past;

And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
John 9:2‭-‬3 KJV

What is interesting to note here, is that just about every published translation reads the same.

Also, the Lord Jesus Christ does not seem to see error in their question, and thus does not correct them for asking it in such a way.

Instead, the king Messiah appears to answer in this instance, that the man was not born blind as the result of him sinning in a previous life.

This, when read as it is, lends itself to such an interpretation of people being born back here, after they live a potential long life above in the new earth/heaven.

With this, the ancient scribes and Pharisees were perhaps all of the belief that such a ‘reincarnation’-type doctrine was a literal truth with questions made to John the Baptist like;

‘…who are you? Are you Elijah?’
(John 1:21 NIV)

Briefly, there is also perhaps another place that some unbelievers (sinners) can go after this life at judgement, and that is a direct, return trip back here (old earth);

Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.
Revelation 20:15 NIV.

Such a judgement would be for a person whom may have not lived a pleasing life at all – their bad deeds, would be very high, and their good deeds very, very low in comparison, when weighed etc..

Upon returning back to this old earth, such a person’s circumstances might be greatly determined by their previous life’s bad deeds, and by what the verdict of the judgement is based on them.

Either way, unbelievers appear to return to this old earth in one way or another; because even a potential long life, is limited, and naturally ends in dying (‘perishing’).

Brief Summary

The purpose of this explanation, is to promote the importance of a person seeking maximum blessings from God; everlasting life, complete forgiveness of sins and a new heart.

This is achieved by being found believing in God and in Christ (Messiah), repenting, being baptized (inmursed in water). Faith will lead to the observance of the Law of Moses (Isaiah 50:10, John 14:1, Acts 3:19 NASB, Mark 16:16, Romans 3:28, 3:31). This is the core gospel message.

This never dying after ressurection, and then living in perfect circumstance without end – is intended to be seen as highly desirable and motivating to all;

He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”
Revelation 21:4 ESV (also see Isaiah 65:17-18)

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
(Romans 8:1 KJV)

Especially when compared to the alternative; judgement, a potential long life above, dying (perishing), and then potentially having to exist again on this old earth here, where troubles and lawlessness are always increasing;

And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
Matthew 24:12 KJV

‘Surely wickedness burns like a fire; it consumes briers and thorns, it sets the forest thickets ablaze, so that it rolls upward in a column of smoke….
the people… will not spare one another. On the right they will devour, but still be hungry; on the left they will eat, but not be satisfied. Each will feed on the flesh of their own offspring:’
(Isaiah 9:18‭-‬20 NIV)

‘There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth…’
(Luke 13:28 KJV)

‘…cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’
(Matthew 8:12 KJV)

May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach).  Amen.

Biblical Copyright Translation Disclaimer

“Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible® (NASB), copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. www.Lockman.org ” 

 “Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Standard Version® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.™. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com The “NIV” and “New International Version” are trademarks registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by Biblica, Inc.™”

 “Scripture quotations marked (OJB) are from the Orthodox Jewish Bible Copyright Artists for Israel Intl. Used by permission © The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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