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Revelation 20:12-13 – Translated and Briefly Explained;
‘Unbelievers Are Judged By The Law Of Moses.’
The purpose of this explanation is to show that all people who sadly do not believe in Christ, are judged by their good and bad deeds which are weighed against what is written in God’s holy Law, the Law of Moses (Torah) – which also includes the famous Ten Commandments. This is shown by translating some words in Revelation 20:12-13, and briefly explaining with some supporting verses.
Another purpose of this explanation, is to promote that a person seek maximum blessings from God; everlasting life, complete forgiveness of sins and a new heart. This is achieved by being found believing in God and Christ (Messiah), and observance of the Law of Moses (Isaiah 50:10, John 14:1, Romans 3:28, 3:31).
We know that the commandments that God has given and are found in the Torah, are the very definition of what is good and bad for humans to observe etc.
We also see that the Gentile (people of the nations) who practiced sinful deeds in former times, where removed from the land for going against His ways;
“Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants. But you shall keep my statutes and my rules and do none of these abominations, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you (for the people of the land, who were before you, did all of these abominations, so that the land became unclean), lest the land vomit you out when you make it unclean, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
Leviticus 18:24-28 ESV
Hence, the relevance of this translation and explanation of Revelation 20:12-13.
When people die, those who do not believe in Messiah (Christ) – are judged, by what they have done in their lives;
For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. (Romans 2:12 ESV)
This also includes the dear, scribes and Pharisees (may Hashem bless them);
You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? (Matthew 23:33 ESV)
An unbeliever’s good and bad deeds are all weighed and compared to God’s Law (the law of Moses) which includes the well known 10 commandments, and the rest of his statues and rules found in the Bible – and it is this that is written in Revelation 20:12-13.
This shows that all people are judged by the law of Moses after they die;
Revelation 20:12-13 Translated and Explained;
And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books [the Law of Moses] were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written [G1125 usage; ‘it stands written (in the scriptures)…’, Exhaustive definition; ‘…describe…’; thus the rendering of; ‘described’] in the books, according [G2596; ‘against’] to their works [their good and bad deeds]. (Revelation 20:12 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])
And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according [G2596; ‘against’] to their works. (Revelation 20:13 KJV [rendering/explanation in brackets])
What Does This Judgement Mean For Those Who Sadly Do Not Believe In Christ?
Unbelievers are judged after they die here. (Isaiah 28:22, John 3:16).
As these dear people are judged by their good and bad deeds, and sadly not granted saving grace from G-d as a result of them believing in Christ; everlasting life cannot be gained, as, here on this earth – we all sin, and ‘…the wages of sin is death…’ (Romans 6:23 KJV).
If an unbeliever’s deeds merit it (e.g. a devout, relatively righteous person), they might live a potentially long life in the new heavens and new earth (above) of up to perhaps 950 years (ref. Ibn Ezra on Isaiah 65:20, Isaiah 65:20).
If an unbeliever’s deeds do not merit it, perhaps Holy Scripture says they are sent directly after judgement to the lake that burns with fire, where death and hades (hell) are (Revelation 20:14-15).
Hell (punishment) and correction exist for what appears to be all unbelievers in the lake that burns with fire, for at least a predetermined amount of time. This is known as the second death (Revelation 20:15, 21:8).
There is more to the topic of the judgement of those who do not believe in Christ after they die – for now though; may this brief explanation and rendering of Revelation 20:12-13 will be fruitful with you.
For all those who believe in Christ it says that there is no condemnation;
There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. (Romans 8:1 KJV)
May the Holy G-d bless you in His risen Son the Lord Jesus Christ (Adonai Yehoshua HaMoshiach). Amen (Omayn).